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A match box lighter strip typically consists of powdered glass and red phosphorous. When this part is burned, it's residue is like a sticky dust that, when applying friction, will release smoke or vapor. You can do it with you fingers and it looks really cool.

So what's the chemistry behind this?

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The major product formed is - Tetraphosphorus decaoxide ($\ce{P4O10}$)

Infact you could have googled it. There are many interesting videos on youtube.

Check this out - Burning of Red Phosphorus

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