0
$\begingroup$

Structures of compounds

what should be the ideal explanation behind the order of stability of these three compounds?

Case-1

In these three examples the first two structures have a positive mesomeric effect and it is greater in case of fluorine due to 2p-2p orbital overlap where as in case of chlorine it is a 3p-2p orbital overlap and in the third case there is no such effect. overlapping factor has more importance while considered in acidic strength.

and order of stability should be: i>ii>iii

Case-2

The Inductive effect has a higher precedence over mesomeric effect in case of halogens present and since F is more electronegative than Cl the least stable structure will be the first one and then the second least stable is the second structure

and order of stability should be: iii>ii>i

which explanation is correct and where am I going wrong?

$\endgroup$
3
  • $\begingroup$ Mesomeric effect can only be applied for a conjugated system sind this alkyl halide and alkane are not showing such configuration we'll go with inductive effect $\endgroup$
    – user145624
    Commented Apr 27 at 15:28
  • $\begingroup$ @user145624 Maybe I have misleading phrases in my post. But you are saying a lone pair adjacent to a carbocation cannot stabilize it? $\endgroup$ Commented Apr 27 at 15:55
  • $\begingroup$ It may be called hyperconjugation as by hydrogen in structure II. Halogen have ability to do the same as in the case of bromination of alkene (e.g., bromonium ion intermediate). $\endgroup$ Commented Apr 27 at 22:44

0

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.