You have a misconception that tempering is hardening. It is softening done after hardening to relieve stresses, improve ductility and toughness .
From this source
In nonferrous alloys, eutectoid transformations, which play such a prominent role in steels, are seldom encountered.
On the other hand, the principles associated with chemical homogenization of cast structures are applicable to many alloys in both classes. Examination of the heat treatment used for nonferrous alloys reveals that a wide variety of processes are employed. . Annealing after cold working is a very important heat treatment for nonferrous alloys.
Basically if the non-ferrous alloy has a eutectoid region in its phase diagram , tempering can be used after hardening. But non-ferrous usually are not hardened in this way. Age hardening, Precipitation hardening, Dispersion strengthening are commonly seen in non-ferrous alloys.