Yes, you describe one of many sources of "friction"
Friction is any irreversible process.
Friction generally takes on three forms:
"Dry" friction applies an (approximately) constant force regardless of velocity. Mechanical parts directly rubbing against each-other.
"Resistor" friction acts in proportional to velocity (or electric current). Such as sliding machinery lubricated by an oil film, a mammoth getting stuck in a tar pit, or electrical resistance in a wire. Heat transfer over a finite temperature is another example, but instead of energy lost to heat free energy is lost.
"Snow plough" friction is proportional to velocity squared. Energy is lost in pushing the mass of fluid out of your way high speed. The swirling masses left in your wake later dissipate energy as heat.
How your vdP example dissipates energy.
Mechanical friction in a piston means that we have to apply an extra dP to get/keep it moving, overcoming "dry" and/or "resistor" friction depending on oil levels. VdP is lost to heat at the seal. If the piston is expanding, the heat from the seal can recover some of this energy as work in expansion, but there is still a net loss.
Gas speed of sound if the piston expands very fast (such as half the speed of sound), the gas pressure will be lower at the piston head and less work is done. Conversely, more work would be needed for compression. In this case dP is the pressure difference between the head pressure and the ideal head pressure. VdP is lost to heat in the gas, cooling it off less upon expansion and heating it up more upon compression. This is a form of "snow-plough" friction, although it is complicated by transonic effects.