Making a "carbon snake" requires the mixing of strong sulphuric acid with sugar, as explained in this about.chemistry webpage - the reaction causes rapid dehydration of the sugar and produces steam in the process, which expands and forms the 'carbon snake', following the incomplete chemical reaction:

$\ce{C12H22O11 + H2SO4 → 12C + 11H2O}$ + mixture of excess unreacted water, sulfur dioxide and acid (and presumably a bundle of other chemicals)

My question is, what physical/chemical processes cause this rapid dehydration and exothermic reaction?

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Too busy to leave an answer but check this document out: ncsu.edu/project/chemistrydemos/Thermochem/DehydrationSugar.pdf $\endgroup$ Sep 24, 2014 at 13:34
  • $\begingroup$ Your equation is not balanced; you did not account for where the sulfur in sulfuric acid went. Some of the sulfur is oxidized into sulfur dioxide if I remember correctly. $\endgroup$
    – Dissenter
    Sep 24, 2014 at 13:34
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    $\begingroup$ @Dissenter yes, I saw that too (that's what I get for copying that formula from the website - clarified it as an incomplete generalised formula) $\endgroup$
    – user8016
    Sep 24, 2014 at 13:38
  • $\begingroup$ does any one knows the ingridients of the commercial snakes $\endgroup$
    – P.A.M
    Sep 28, 2017 at 14:16

1 Answer 1


$\ce{C_mH_{2n}O_n -> m C + n H2O}$

The hydration reaction of sulfuric acid acts as the driving force because it is highly exothermic (95.33 kJ/mol H2SO4).


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