I know that, $$ \ce{R-X + AgNO2 -> R-NO2 + AgX} $$

I have been taught that here nitro alkanes are major than nitrite esters and I have also been taught that this reaction proceeds through SN1 mechanism. But I am not aware of the degree of halide. As the formation of carbocation takes place I think the substitution product is major here (i.e., tert butyl nitrite).

So can anyone help me by citing a souce indicating the percentage yeilds of various products formed in the above reaction. And finally a request, can you also give percentage yeilds of products if it (tert butyl bromide or iodide) is reacted with $\ce{KCN}$.

  • 3
    $\begingroup$ What do you mean by "degree of halide"? $\endgroup$ Jun 20 at 18:43
  • $\begingroup$ I mean primary or secondary or tertiary halide $\endgroup$
    – Ferb
    Jun 21 at 1:14
  • $\begingroup$ The carbocation formed would be tertiary. $\endgroup$ Jun 22 at 3:19


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