Reactivity of Benzaldehyde vs Acetaldehyde and Benzoic acid vs Acetic acid

I was trying to compare the reactivity between acetaldehyde and benzaldehyde. After some googling, I found out that benzaldehyde is less reactive than acetaldehyde because the benzene ring can stabilize the partially positive Carbon through resonance. However, if I apply the same logic to benzoic acid vs acetic acid, I find that benzoic acid should be less acidic than acetic acid, but that's not true. What am I missing?

• Does this answer your question? Why is benzoic acid a stronger acid than acetic acid? Aug 23, 2021 at 13:04
• @Mithoron I saw that question before. The answer did not satisfy me. In the comments, A.K said "The aromatic ring is so thermodynamically stable that the phenyl ring donating electrons to the carboxylate is not a major resonace structure. Though it is enough to dictate meta directed electrophilic aromatic substitution", by this argument, can't it be said that the phenyl ring should not stabilize the carbonyl carbon in benzaldehyde through resonance? Aug 24, 2021 at 9:17

However, that same argument is not valid when you compare the reactivity of benzoic acid and acetic acid. That's because the reactive center of acidity is not the carbonyl carbon anymore as it was for aldehydes and ketones. The reactivity of carboxylic acid is depend on the strength of the $$\ce{O-H}$$ bond on carboxylic group, a bond away from carbonyl carbon. Since it is not directly conjugated to the other group attached to the carbonyl carbon, the resonance is not playing the role as that is in aldehyde and ketones. The inductive effect is the one playing strong role in this case. The more the electron withdrawing ability of the group attached to $$\ce{COOH}$$ the better the acidity. Thus, when comparing the electron withdrawing ability of phenyl and methyl groups, $$\ce{Ph \gt CH3}$$. Therefore, benzoic acid is more acidic than acetic acid by that reason alone.
• @Tahsin Choudhury: Remember, the acetic hydrogen is equally distributed between two oxygen in $\ce{COOH}$ group. You may need more reading on this subject. Aug 24, 2021 at 16:48