Electron affinity of atoms in the same row usually increases with the atomic number until the shell or half-shell gets full, and then it drops down. Some transition metals are exceptions from the rule, but the strangest exception to me is Titanium: while scandium ($3d^1$) has an affinity of 18 kJ/mol, titanium ($3d^2$) has an affinity of 8 kJ/mol.

It does not seem to make sense: the effective charge of titanium nucleus should be larger compared to scandium (Slater's rule), and exchange energy also favors titanium.

Does anyone have a good explanation?

  • $\begingroup$ No scandium has lower electro affinity because electro affinity increased with in a period and decrease with in a group $\endgroup$ – Dagmawit Amanuel Feb 24 at 10:40
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ @DagmawitAmanuel I'm afraid the experimental data I can find contradicts your assertion and supports the data presented by the OP. For instance en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron_affinity_(data_page) gives similar numbers to those quoted above, with references back to papers. Yes the original question would be MUCH better if the source for the numbers was given, but a bit of googling supports them. $\endgroup$ – Ian Bush Feb 24 at 12:07

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