According to me, $\ce{MnO4^2-}$ is paramagnetic and $\ce{MnO4^-}$ is diamagnetic. On the basis of this, the corresponding potassium salts inherit these magnetic properties, i.e. $\ce{K2MnO4}$ is paramagnetic and $\ce{KMnO4}$ is diamagnetic.

However, according to my class teacher $\ce{KMnO4}$ is paramagnetic.

Is potassium manganate(VII) dia- or paramagnetic?

  • $\begingroup$ Unanswered duplicate: chemistry.stackexchange.com/questions/140123/… $\endgroup$ Feb 17, 2021 at 4:07
  • $\begingroup$ @Nilay_Ghosh Both are different questions $\endgroup$
    – Tips
    Feb 17, 2021 at 4:11
  • $\begingroup$ See this paper, it is a complex story "Magnetic Studies on Potassium Permanganate" iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0370-1328/79/2/318 $\endgroup$
    – AChem
    Feb 17, 2021 at 4:21
  • $\begingroup$ In this article It's say that Potassium permanganate is Dimagnetic chemedx.org/video/…. $\endgroup$
    – Tips
    Feb 17, 2021 at 4:45
  • $\begingroup$ In the relatively authentic paper I showed you, it says the same thing. KMnO4 crystal is diamagnetic but there are finer details of feeble paramagnetism. Your teacher is not right. $\endgroup$
    – AChem
    Feb 17, 2021 at 5:43

1 Answer 1


Actually it is diamagnetic but due to a phenomenon called charge transfer spectrum (CTS), oxygen transfers one electron to manganese and $\ce{KMnO4}$ as a whole becomes paramagnetic. This is also the reason why it shows a characteristic colour while diamagnetic complexes are colourless due to absence of d-d transitions.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ What would be the percentage of the excited state from charge transfer, in let's say a solution of KMnO4 ? Because a significant number of the molecules have to be in excited state before the bulk material gains paramagnetic properties. $\endgroup$
    – S R Maiti
    Apr 26, 2021 at 20:37

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