Is it correct that a hydrogen atom only has 1 electron and 1 proton since the atomic mass is 1? Also, is the hydrogen ion composed of a single proton and no electrons?
In an ionization process we know that sometimes a hydrogen ion or H+ is taken out of a compound to be transferred to water, in what we know as an acid-base reaction. For example if we have HCl, which is attracted to water, the bond between the hydrogen and chlorine would be broken and the electron pair between them would have all gone to the Cl. Hence making the chlorine having a negative charge and the hydrogen a positive charge.
Does this hydrogen only have 1 proton making it an ion?