How to get or understand a sample in chemistry without knowing its chemical name or compound or formula? I was thinking about whether there is a way to understand what the chemical compound sample that one might have. He/She doesn't know what its formula or its chemical properties or anything .He/She just got that one and was thinking what was that chemical and was interested to know about its structure. Would it be possible?
I am totally new at Stack Exchange so I doesn't know is this the proper way to ask.
And I am 15 year old so I doesn't know if these are taken in my upcoming classes but when I googled it or searched in many websites,I was not able find answers,So I am asking here.I have seen that we can guess the compound using many experiments but so also if the compound has been not found yet in human history would we be able to understand it?
Edit: This question had been closed stating it need to be more focused. I just wanted to clarify that what I wanted to know was whether there is a specific procedure to identify the chemical structure of the compound from just a sample alone.