Hoping to clarify a few questions I have that the textbook doesn't address.
Lets just say I have a piston (at equilibrium) with 100 moles of gaseous compound that looks like this:
Now lets say I start increasing the pressure on the piston so that the gas starts to approach the gas-liquid boundary.
1.) What would start to happen as you approach the boundary? For example: Would a few moles of gas begin to condense to liquid? Is this process exponential as you approach boundary?
2.) What is happening at the boundary? For example: Are the gas and liquid in perfect equilibrium (50 moles of each)? By that logic, at the triple point, are there 33 moles of each?
3.) Now let's say we approach the critical point along the liquid-vapor boundary. I read online that its when the gas and liquid become "indistinguishable." If so, that means it has a uniform density. Does that make it another state of matter? If not, why is it special?