Hie everyone. I have been going through pyrometallurgical processes for recycling lithium-ion batteries and l have been coming across these terms; calcination, pyrolysis and roasting which l need assistance to be able to differentiate them as there is no notable difference when it comes to recycling lithium-ion batteries.

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    $\begingroup$ Related: chemistry.stackexchange.com/q/39281/30836 $\endgroup$ – Rodrigo de Azevedo Apr 29 at 3:54
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks but l was hoping to get a clear differentiation, maybe the chemical mechanisms at play because when using these techniques sometimes the process conditions are all the same but one journal would choose to call it pyrolysis, roasting or calcination. The material in the battery is Lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2). Like l had said the distinction when you are doing extractive metallurgy of ores is clear but for recycling its not..... $\endgroup$ – bryanmaks Apr 29 at 5:33

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