I've been curious about this 3D representation of the periodic table "Mendeleev's Flower" and was trying to study it, wondering if it reveals any regularities that are not obvious from classic periodic table.
But since it's hard to look at a 3D table on a flat computer screen, I found flat equivalents.
Theodor Benfey's periodic table (1964):
J. F. Hyde's periodic table (1975):
There I found a discrepancy: Hyde assigned Boron and Aluminium to group 3 (IIIA), whereas everywhere else
Al are in the group 13 (IIIB).
I can totally see why Hyde split the table like this (apart from being obsessed with Silicon): such a split creates an absolutely stunning symmetry.
You can see this symmetry on the Hyde's table with colors and dashed lines that cross Silicon and connect related elements.
This can't be just a stretch/exaggeration/far-fetching/"squeezing the universe to fit into an appealing model, even though the universe resists". It's just too good!
Well, to be honest, he did do some universe-squeezing:
Al have electron configuration of s²p¹ — just like other elements of group 13 (IIIB), whereas elements of group 3 (IIIA) have electron configuration of d¹s². Since
B appear in the d¹s² column, Hyde had to make a note inside
Al cells that they actually are s²p¹.
But the symmetry is just too good. It reveals stunning periodicity that no other periodic table is capable of.
And then I remembered this short-form periodic table:
Russian Wikipedia says the short form was banned by IUPAC in 1989 for some reason, but it's still used in Russian schools because it makes figuring out valence values easier.
And this table does not have the split. Boron and Aluminium appear in the same column regardless of whether you assign them to 3 (IIIA) or 13 (IIIB). I think this is absolutely beautiful.
I believe this
B positioning thing has scientific significance, but I don't understand the meaning of the groups.
- What does the group actually mean? Is it simply the electron configuration and nothing else?
- What determines
Bbeing placed in group 3 (IIIA) and not 13 (IIIB), other than the electron configuration?
- Why is the short-form periodic table considered obsolete, even though it clearly has something going on that the full-form table is not revealing?
- Is the Hyde's table missing any periodical properties that the classic table has?