An ideal gas is undergoing an isothermal expansion against a constant external pressure. Which of the following statements is true?
1) This process is reversible.
2) This process is irreversible.
3) This process is exothermic.
4) The system pressure is always in equilibrium with the external pressure.
5) The information given is insufficient to describe this process.
I don't get how the answer can be 2, I thought it would be 5. Since it's expansion, $\Delta S$ of the system must be > 0. Now since it's an expansion, work must be < 0. If work is less than 0, q > 0 due to the process being isothermal. So that means $\Delta S$ of the surroundings < 0 since it is -q/T. That means $\Delta S$ of the universe could be > 0, < 0 (non spontaneous) and = 0 depending on the magnitude of $\Delta S$ of the system and surroundings. As a result, I choose 5 since we don't know the magnitudes of both $\Delta S$.
Why would it be 2?