# Decomposition reaction of tin(II) nitrate [closed]

What are the products formed when $$\ce{Sn(NO3)2}$$ is subjected to high temperatures?

I searched over the internet but I didn't get any satisfactory answer.

• I'd expect SnO2. Feb 11, 2020 at 13:44
• Pure anhydrous $Sn(NO_3)_2$ does not exist. Only $Sn(NO_3)_2·20H_2O$ exists, and it is a liquid at ordinary temperature (melting point : -20°C). Feb 11, 2020 at 20:26

No wonder you cannot find any literature on $$\ce{Sn(NO3)2}$$, because I don't think it exists in solid form. This is supported by the fact that I even can't find its CAS number online. This book (Ref.1) and relevant paper (Ref.2) support my suggestion, both of which state that:

Attempts to prepare a covalently bound tin(II) nitrate, by the reaction of tin(IV) tetranitrate with anhydrous nitric oxide, have produced only a white solid solid of formula $$\ce{SnN2O6}$$, which gives a tin(IV) Mössbauer resonance ($$\delta = \pu{0.29 mm\:s-1}$$, $$\Delta = \pu{0.96 mm\:s-1}$$)...

Nonetheless, a study on thermal decomposition of metal nitrates (Ref.3) states that:

Due to a back-donation of electronic cloud from the nitrate to an unfilled $$\mathrm{d}$$-orbital of transition and noble metals, their nitrates generally exhibited lower decomposition temperatures ($$T_d \lt \pu{700 K}$$) than those of the base metals ($$\gt \pu{850 K}$$).

They suggest those metal nitrates with lower decomposition temperatures decompose to corresponding oxides together with $$\ce{NO2}$$ and $$\ce{O2}$$. Thus, it is safe to assume that if $$\ce{Sn(NO3)2}$$ exists, it would decompose as following reaction suggest:

$$\ce{2 Sn(NO3)2 (s) + heat -> 2 SnO (s) + 4 NO2 (g) + O2 (g)}$$

However, keep in mind that this is pure speculation.

References:

1. R. Greatrex, “Chapter 8: Mössbauer Spectroscopy,” In Specialist Periodical Reports: Spectroscopic Properties of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds, Volume 6; N. N. Greenwood, Ed.; The Chemical Society Burlington House: London, United Kingdom, 1973, pp. 494-622.
2. P. G. Harrison, M. I. Khalil, N.Logan, “Concerning anhydrous tin(II) nitrate,” Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry Letters 1972, 8(6), 551-553 (https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1650(72)80139-9).
3. Shanmugam Yuvaraj, Lin Fan-Yuan, Chang Tsong-Huei, Yeh Chuin-Tih, “Thermal Decomposition of Metal Nitrates in Air and Hydrogen Environments,” J. Phys. Chem. B 2003, 107(4), 1044-1047 (https://doi.org/10.1021/jp026961c).