# Shielding effects and atomic size [closed]

The atomic size on going from aluminum to gallium decreases because of poor shielding effect of the $$(n-1)d$$ electrons, but on going from copper to zinc, the size increases due to the same shielding effect. Why ?

Aluminum and gallium are on different periods. When an additional shell is (fictitiously) added to aluminum, the size is seen to decrease. This is, as correctly mentioned, due to the poor shielding offered by the $$(n-1)d$$ orbitals to the incoming electrons in the ultimate $$p$$ subshell.
While copper has a $$4s^13d^{10}$$ arrangement, zinc has a $$4s^23d^{10}$$. I would presume the fully filled spherical $$4s$$ orbital to considerably repel (also read as: shield) the d-electrons, and hence the effect appears as a minute increase in size.