I have a big problem trying to wrap my head around this for several hours and I cannot seem to make sense of it. I have to link this scheme with the 3 colored potential profiles on the bottom of the picture. Considering the electrolyte AK, which splits into A- and K+, that it is 10x more concentrated in compartment I (left) and that the 3 different cases are the assumed:
1) Mobility of A- >>> than mobility of K+ 2) Mobility of K+ >>> than mobility of A- 3) Both ions have an equal mobility
Now, I know that in the 1) case, anions will diffuse through the membrane and work toward balancing their concentration. However, this will generate a potential difference because K+ cannot move and compartiment I will be left with a higher potential. Now, I can imagine that if we set our reference (left electrode) at an arbitrary number, let's say 0, then we can assume compartiment II being negative potential in respect to I. This leads to the constant value of the Nernst eq. for same metal electrodes and electrolyte with 10x concentration difference of 59 mV. Since II is considered lower potential VS I in case n°1, should I assume that the potential difference at the membrane's level is -59 mV (green profile)? And another +59 mV between the electrodes because of Nernst equation, which would bring to a final measured potential of 0V. Is this a legit reasoning?
Thank you in advance.