enter image description here I circled what I believe to be the chiral centers and I added the locants for the longest carbon chain. One of the chiral centers is in a side chain, so that carbon doesn't have a locant. How should its absolute configuration be included into the IUPAC name?

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    $\begingroup$ Side chain have their locants. Your question is rather how to number them and even more general, how to number/call a molecule and has little to do with chirality. $\endgroup$
    – Alchimista
    Dec 5 '19 at 7:56

You have correctly ideentified and numbered the parent structure (the longest chain), which is undec-3-yne.

Including the substituent groups, the complete name is 10-bromo-5-(butan-2-yl)-2-methylundec-3-yne.

Note that names for simple substituent groups derived from acyclic hydrocarbons with the free valence not at the end of the chain are generically called ‘alkanyl’. A low locant is assigned to the free valence (i.e. the suffix ‘yl’) in accordance with the numbering of the chain. In this case, butan-2-yl is such a substituent group.

Also note that the locant ‘2’ in butan-2-yl refers to a different structural element compared to the other locants in 10-bromo-5-(butan-2-yl)-2-methylundec-3-yne. Therefore, parentheses are used around the substituent prefix to separate the locants.

If you need to indicate the stereochemical configuration, the same numbering and separation of locants is used, for example: (5R,10R)-10-bromo-5-[(2S)-butan-2-yl]-2-methylundec-3-yne.

  • $\begingroup$ Very well explained! $\endgroup$ Apr 6 '21 at 4:55

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