The following double cyclization was used to generate the ring system of the lycoanitine alkaloids in 2005. Demonstrate your understanding of this C−C bond-forming process by providing a mechanistic rationale (using arrows that represent electron movement) for the boxed reaction.
From what I know in my current synthetic organic chemistry class, this question appears to me like a Paal–Knorr reaction, but the product isn't a pyrrole. I don't even know where to start, and I'm not entirely certain how and where the Lewis acid interacts.
Ignore the boxed part, that's for me to do; I'm just curious to know how the carbons attached to the methoxy group on the tertiary amine are able to bond with the C2 carbons on the 1,4-diketone.