-4
$\begingroup$

Why does $NH4^+$ react with NaOH to give $NH_3+H_2O$ and not $NH_4OH$

$\endgroup$
1
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ Because there is no $\ce{NH4OH}$, except as the separate solvated ions which are minor species in an aqueous ammonia solution. See this answer for the whole story. $\endgroup$ Nov 17 '19 at 14:32
2
$\begingroup$

$\ce{NH4+}$ is the weak acid and reacts with the strong base $\ce{OH-}$:

$$\ce{NH4+ + OH- <=>> NH3 + H2O}$$

by the same way as $\ce{HCN}$, an acid with similar acidity as $\ce{NH4+}$:

$$\ce{HCN + OH- <=>> CN- + H2O}$$

$\endgroup$
0

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.