Are there chemical reactions that could cool down an average sized room by a noticeable amount (say 5 °C)?

I would like to investigate if it is possible to have a situation where I can mix 2 reagents at room temperature and pressure and in open air then they should react and become colder than room temperature without evaporation of some type, with an eye to making a noticeable drop in the room temperature.

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    $\begingroup$ As I remember, $NH_4Cl$ dissolves in water with cooling of liquid. Not very much, but seen clearly. There are much reactions, that consume energy, but they are usually either slow or requires high temperature. $\endgroup$
    – permeakra
    Sep 28 '12 at 5:11

One way to do it is, as user41631 says, with an endothermic reaction.

Another is to use phase-change materials, from which you remove the thermal insulation, to allow the phase-change to take place. Now, all materials change their phases, at some combinations of temperature and pressure. The phrase "phase-change material" is used not to classify materials, but to identify the paricular use of a material - that is, the material is being used because one of its phase changes happens at a temperature and pressure that makes it useful for a specific process.

Such materials are being looked at for the temperature regulation of buildings.

Let's take a material with a melting point of, say, 18°C, and a high latent heat of fusion. Freeze it, insulate it, and take it into a room that's at 22°C. While the material melts, it will absorb heat from the air, cooling the room.

This principle has been applied in building material design, to provide smoothing of temperature variations. See, for example, Schossig et al's "Micro-encapsulated phase-change materials integrated into construction materials", [DOI], from which the following graph is taken, showing the smoothing of temperatures over a week in August , when a phase-change material (PCM) is used (T_Wall_PCM) - this is compared to an identical room without phase-change materials (T_Wall_REF) - as you can see, the PCM reduces the amount of time that the room spends above 26°C, providing more thermal comfort for people in the room.

enter image description here


Salt + ice takes the temperature down from 0 °C ice to −19 °C salt water, and can be used to make more ice (or ice cream!). So you have an ice-generating engine powered by salt and water, and as much cooling as you might desire (down to −19 °C). You could retrieve the salt later by evaporation. This is obvious, but I’m not aware of any device that does this, so maybe there are obstacles in practice.

Now, I want to know how to get down to −80 °C so I can make dry ice.

  • $\begingroup$ May be alcohol with salt? $\endgroup$
    – Max
    Sep 4 '14 at 21:17
  • $\begingroup$ I think that in practice you would need too much water and salt to make it worth the effort. Also dumping the mixture of melted ice (water) and salt somewhere to make room for more solid ice and salt would be problematic. $\endgroup$ Nov 27 '17 at 9:01

The reaction between ammonium thiocyanate and barium hydroxide octahydrate is endothermic. It absorbs heat from the surroundings.



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