0
$\begingroup$

the textbooks say that it is the amount of electrons lost or gained by an atom in a bond but in a covalent molecule the atoms never technically lose electrons ,instead share them to in such a way to complete their octet.for eg:- In OF2 molecule, it is said that the oxidation state of oxygen is +2 which implies it has lost 2 electrons. However it also must be gaining electrons from the other flourine atoms, right? please help me out with this.

$\endgroup$
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ The oxidation state is indeed the amount of electrons lost or gained by an atom in case of some highly contrived and artificial process which never really happens. $\endgroup$ – Ivan Neretin Sep 11 '19 at 13:25
  • $\begingroup$ Whatever we say it is, maybe? $\endgroup$ – Oscar Lanzi Sep 11 '19 at 14:12
  • $\begingroup$ I don't understand at all $\endgroup$ – aadhi balaji Sep 11 '19 at 15:42
  • $\begingroup$ For calculation all those bond are treated as if there were ionic. $\endgroup$ – Mithoron Sep 11 '19 at 16:39