# Determining solubility of a gas in a molten salt [closed]

If pressure and temperature are known constants, how can I determine the solubility of a known amount of gas in a mixture of molten salts?

Assume the mixture of salts is homogeneous and the composition (as well as amount of said compounds) is known.

• Long story short, you can't. Commented Aug 30, 2019 at 15:13
• Arbitrary gas and salt mixture? Why even think there's non-negligable solubility? Commented Aug 30, 2019 at 15:13
• @IvanNeretin of course it is possible. Geologists and volcanologists have spent decades experimentally measuring the solubility of various gases in various molten liquids (some of which are not too different from molten salts). Commented Aug 31, 2019 at 14:04
• @Mithoron once you increase pressure above atmospheric, you can dissolve pretty much any gas in any liquid. Commented Aug 31, 2019 at 14:05
• Pumice illustrates this solubility of gases in lava.
– Ed V
Commented Aug 31, 2019 at 16:12

If you know the phase diagram of the gas, and can calculate the exact pressure the gas should have given the volume outside of the molten salt, you can use the measured pressure/temperature to determine any difference in pressure. Then you can calculate the number of moles of gas that must be absorbed to generate the pressure difference. If the gas is relatively inert (which it probably needs to be if it wont react with molten salt), you can probably use the ideal gas equation: $$P_0V = NRT$$ If you compare to the actual pressure, you can determine the number of moles absorbed by the salt: $$\delta N = (P_0-P_\mathrm{exp})V/(RT)$$