AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy) is a quantitative analytical technique used to measure very small concentrations of ions in substances. The main idea is that the sample is atomised in a flame and then light is shot through the atomised sample and the absorbance is measured.
However I don't get why they use an atomic emission lamp (a lamp made of only 1 element). What's wrong with using a normal incandescent lamp or some lamp that produces all the wavelengths at once (it would save you having to change the lamp for every test)? I've heard that multi-element lamps make the machine less sensitive due to noise but I don't understand how. If we tune the monochromator to the particular wavelength we want, it should be the same as with using an atomic emission lamp?