Is there a book I can reference that has a table like this? I can't reference an online source on my thesis and all the pictures I have found online like this don't make their reference explicit.


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    $\begingroup$ Common set of oxidation states of transition metals can be found in virtually every inorganic chemistry textbook. The rest is from the periodic table of elements. Here is one by NIST. IMO this is generic stuff you don't need to cite at all, but consulting with your supervisor is the way to go. $\endgroup$ – andselisk May 21 '19 at 20:17
  • $\begingroup$ Any general chemistry textbook, e.g. chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/General_Chemistry/… $\endgroup$ – Karsten Theis May 21 '19 at 20:24
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    $\begingroup$ I need to cite something since I am not a chemist (and neither are my professors), I need to show something to corroborate what I am saying. Thank you for the links provided, but I don't see a way to cite the first one, or a list of books in the second one I could get. $\endgroup$ – M.O. May 21 '19 at 20:33
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    $\begingroup$ You can cite the first two or three inorganic texts here chemistry.stackexchange.com/questions/37303/… and maybe this as well amazon.co.uk/Chemistry-Elements-N-Greenwood/dp/0750633654 if you want to go full overkill. $\endgroup$ – orthocresol May 21 '19 at 22:40

Element Name and Symbol + Atomic Number + Electron Configuration

NIST Standard Reference Database 111 provides an up-to date reference for the electron configuration of neutral atoms in the ground state [1] in both tabulated and periodic table formats.

Common Oxidation States

An overview of elements' oxidation numbers is provided in practically every inorganic chemistry textbook. Arguably, the most extensive one is given throughout Greenwood and Earnshaw's Chemistry of the Elements [2].

More compressed information is provided in CRC handbook of chemistry and physics (Section 4. Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds) [3, pp. 4-1 — 4-92]. There is also a periodic table at the end which includes oxidation numbers of the elements in the upper right corner of each cell:

CRC Handbook PTE


  1. Kramida, A., Ralchenko, Yu., Reader, J., and NIST ASD Team (2018). NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ver. 5.6.1), [Online]. Available: https://physics.nist.gov/asd. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18434/T4W30F
  2. Greenwood, N. N.; Earnshaw, A. Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd ed.; Butterworth-Heinemann: Oxford; Boston, 1997. ISBN 978-0-7506-3365-9
  3. Haynes, W. M.; Lide, D. R.; Bruno, T. J. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics: A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data.; CRC Press, 2017; Vol. 97. ISBN 978-1-4987-5429-3

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