When a polysaccharide or polypeptide is hydrolyzed into mono-saccharides or amino acids, the building blocks can be oxidized to release energy. The oxidation is considered to be catabolic since it reduces the building blocks to simple compounds: carbon dioxide, water, ammonia, and releases energy.
Is the process of hydrolysis that breaks up polypeptides and polysaccharides a net endothermic or exothermic process?
Do the free amino acids and monosaccharides have more or less stored energy than the polypeptide or polysaccharide that they were broken down from?
Is it proper to call the isolated process of "hydrolysis" of proteins and polysaccharides "catabolic"?
Are protein synthesis, glycogen synthesis, (and triglyceride formation), by dehydration synthesis processes that require energy or release energy. I think that they release energy which is semantically interesting since protein and glycogen synthesis are the main examples of anabolism in the body but may actually release energy which is a key component of the definition of catabolism. Even if the energy released from protein synthesis is not generating ATP directly, wouldn't the heat produced conserve ATP in the long run.