# Obtaining atomic form factor from electron density?

I know that atomic form factors for x-ray scattering are obtained by Fourier transform of the electronic charge density.

I am looking for a citable elementary source (book, review, article) which covers the systematic and explicit derivation of the relationship between electronic charge density and the atomic form factor, to which people unfamiliar with the connection can be referred to for better context.

So atomic scattering factors are derived by taking the Fourier transform of the computed electron density of a stationary atom (the density has spherical symmetry, so the scattering factor is a function that only depends on $$s = \sin \theta / \lambda$$).