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I am looking for a list of classes of synthetic organic chemicals. I'm not very strong in chemistry. The only information I could find are from here which seem to describe SOC's are like pesticides or fuel additives, but I don't think you can call those classes.

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closed as too broad by Martin - マーチン, Colin McFaul, LDC3, ron, DavePhD Jun 3 '14 at 12:14

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    $\begingroup$ I think this question is probably too vague to answer in a way both satisfactory to you and useful to a general audience. Can you be more specific about what you mean by "class" w/r/t chemicals? Do you mean by priority functional group (per, say, IUPAC), by industrial/consumer/medical applications, etc.? As the answer from Williham Totland suggests, organic chemistry is a huge field, and the focus of your question needs to be much narrower. $\endgroup$ – Greg E. May 28 '14 at 7:58
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There are a lot of organic chemicals[citation needed].

Due to the incomprehensibly vast number of chemical species and variation between them, almost every classification system is domain-specific.

In terms of pure chemistry, the best you can do is usually to organize them according to what functional groups are in play; this will usually reveal something about the fundamental chemical interactions available to the species in question, but this is not necessarily useful or enlightening:

In many applications, such as as antifreeze, fuel or a solvent, methanol and ethanol are (largely) interchangeable: They both have short carbon chains attached to a single alcohol group (-OH), their boiling points, dipole moments, chemical energy and other properties are similar, and they mostly react in the same way on a chemical level.

In other applications, however, they are as night and day: In biology, methanol is a potent poison, and ethanol is a mostly harmless intoxicant.

Organic chemistry is, in short, notoriously resilient to generally useful classification systems.

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