# What are nanoparticles made of? [closed]

No, really. I can't seem to find anything that properly explains this concept. What are nanoparticles? Are they charged metal ions held together by bridging ligands, or...?

## closed as too broad by Nilay Ghosh, andselisk♦, Jon Custer, Mithoron, TyberiusJan 30 at 16:59

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

• Nanoparticles can be made of pretty much anything, like ordinary particles. – Ivan Neretin Jan 30 at 11:03
• Nano- implies an average size of $10^{-9} m$ – Buck Thorn Jan 30 at 11:34
• I was referring more specifically to colloidal metals (i.e. silver, gold). What are those made of? – FlyingFalcon Jan 30 at 11:36
• You are still asking a wrong question. The literal answer is bound to be useless. Particles of colloidal metals are made of metals; nothing more general can be said. – Ivan Neretin Jan 30 at 11:49

## 1 Answer

The prefix nano is about size not the chemical makeup of the particles

Nanoparticles are particles of anything. As long as that thing can be made in a form where the particles are of the order of nano-meters (10-9m). Since atoms have sizes of around 100pm or 0.1 nm(well, 20-200pm) this implies that very crudely nano particles consist of blocks of atoms with about 10 atoms per side or ~1,000 atoms in total.

Some nano-particles are made from molecules, some from single elements and some from clusters of multiple elements. They are interesting as they often have different properties to the bulk material (suspended gold clusters are red and used in colouring some glasses).

Nano particles are often stabilised by having some surface-active molecule on the outside to prevent the agglomeration of the small units. But there are a variety of ways to make and stabilise them. It is a big subject, but the important thing is that the definition relates only to size not to what the particles are made of.