I was reading a paper and came across a sentence (highlighted one) about NMR spectroscopy.
Several Leishmania Rabs, like Rab1, Rab5a, Rab5b, and Rab7, have been functionally characterized. LdRab5a is a GTPase that has been shown to bind to GTP and hydrolyze it to GDP. It specifically regulates fluid-phase endocytosis. Although the G1–G5 loop sequences are well conserved in LdRab5, it has unique interswitch region with substitutions and a 20-residue insertion with respect to the human Rab5. The unique insertion feature of LdRab5a prompted us to choose NMR spectroscopy as the most suitable technique for determining its structure.
It is pertinent to mention that NMR solution structure has not been determined for any Rab protein from any organism. This would also provide the opportunity for exploring the residue-specific dynamics for LdRab5a in particular and reveal the general implications for the Rab family of proteins. Hence, we have undertaken the determination of solution structure and characterization of backbone relaxation dynamics for LdRab5a by using NMR spectroscopy. However, stabilization of LdRab5a through systematic and specific mutations and deletions was necessary to arrive at a construct that was stable enough for recording long multidimensional NMR experiments.
Why do we need to have a unique interswitch region so as to use the NMR spectroscopy technique?