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The following is the equation I have:

$$\ce{Ca(s) + 2H2O(l) -> Ca(OH)2 v + H2 ^}$$

I am tasked to write the half-reaction equations for both the oxidation and/or reduction process. So, currently I have: $$\ce{ Ca(s) -> Ca^{2+}(aq) + 2e-}\quad\text{(oxidation)}$$

but I'm not sure how do you write the reduction equation for the water and hydroxide.

Any help is appreciated :)

P.S.: I have no idea how to superscript or subscript in the forum.

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  • $\begingroup$ Balance this for the reduction step: xH2O ---> H2 + y OH- $\endgroup$ – user55119 Dec 25 '18 at 0:14
  • $\begingroup$ that would be: 2H2O --> H2+ 2OH- Is that correct? $\endgroup$ – Grimlock Dec 25 '18 at 1:05
  • $\begingroup$ Right! since the oxidation is -2 electrons (Ca to Ca++) and the reduction (0 to -2) +2 electrons, just add the two reactions and simplify if needed. $\endgroup$ – user55119 Dec 25 '18 at 3:22
  • $\begingroup$ Just so I'm getting this right: My Reduction equation reaction would be 2H2O --> H2 + 2OH-. Is there no e- required in this case? $\endgroup$ – Grimlock Dec 25 '18 at 5:39
  • $\begingroup$ Of course e- is required, otherwise there would be no reduction. Besides, your equation must be balanced in charge as strict as it must be balanced in all elements. $\endgroup$ – Ivan Neretin Dec 25 '18 at 8:27
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Alright, so I've worked out my answer (thanks to @user55119). The Reduction step was:

$$\ce{ 2H2O_{(l)} + 2e^- -> 2OH^-_{(aq)} + H_2_{(g)}}\quad\text{(Reduction)}$$

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