I am currently doing a experiment in the lab which is using a continuous wave NMR, by sweeping the magnetic field, and I am having trouble understanding how the theory works for this type of experiment.
So I currently understand if a proton is not placed in a magnetic field it will spin on it axis of rotation due to the magnetic moment.
My first question is on what causes this magnetic moment, from what I have found so far that the proton can be modelled a sphere with infinitely many of tiny circular current loops which run along the axis, but what I can understand is that for a dipole moment to be formed a current going in a circular loop generate the dipole moment.
So dose the dipole cause the proton to spin which generates the magnetic moment and if so what causes the tiny dipoles along axis? It seem to me there a rotation being caused by a rotation.
So moving on when the proton is placed in the a uniform magnetic field it will either align it self with parallel or anti parallel. It would not align it self fully due to the rotation of the proton so the proton will actually precess around the axis in which is in the direction to the static magnetic field. Now when the proton is in a state parallel to the static magnetic field it is in a low energy state and when anti parallel it is in a high energy state so the energy difference is given by:
$$\Delta E=hf=g\mu _nB_0$$
Now applying this to a sample of high hydrogen 1 like glycerine that has been place in CW NMR. When the sampled is placed in the static filed according to the Boltzmann distribution there will be more protons parallel to the field that non-parallel so now in cw as I understand a constant RF signal is being applied and a varying magnetic field perpendicular to the static field.
So my second question is
Dose the varying magnetic field vary the energy levels until resonate occurs?
I believe it dose as this would explain the nmr of glycerine that was take in the lab, as show below.
Now the real trouble I am having with these graphs is that one it looks to me that there is a dampening effect occurring, which I believe to be the relaxation time of the sample, but what I cant visualise is how the resonance is occurring within the sample it self in terms of the physics with respect to all the protons precessing.
Are the individual proton within the sample at different depths become out of phase with each other and the varying magnetic field is decreasing over time, and why dose each resonance peak have a negative voltage associated with it? How dose this negative voltage tell me about what is occurring with in the sample?
If anyone could with any of the theory behind CW NMR and how the signals being receive can inform me on what occurring with in the sample it would, it would be appreciated. Thanks in advance.