You know how when you carry out a reaction with many compounds, when drawing the reactions you just draw a line at a right angle to the bond with a 'R' at the end (see image)?


Then you can specify what group R is in a table (eg: $\ce{OMe}$). However, if instead of adding a substituent to a benzene ring, you have pyridine? How can you specify it?


1 Answer 1


The issue, I think, is to specify how the pyridine is connected. This means you have to identify which carbon on the pyridine ring is connected. This picture shows the numbering:

pyridyl carbon numbering

So, using your example the structure and names of the various possibilities would be (using connections on the 3-position of the benzonitrile ring as an example):

example structures

I'm sure you can generalise from this example.

  • $\begingroup$ There is another configuration where the nitrogen is connected to the first compound and a hydrogen is added to the para position in the pyridine ring. $\endgroup$
    – LDC3
    Apr 19, 2014 at 16:04
  • $\begingroup$ You can draw out the substructure within the table, so it'll be a mix of text and drawn substituents. $\endgroup$
    – Zhe
    Mar 22, 2017 at 23:56

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