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### Is there a general consensus on the causes of the alpha-effect?

There have been various explanations posited for the $\alpha$-effect. The $\alpha$-effect refers to a phenomenon wherein nucleophiles with lone pairs on atoms adjacent (i.e., in the $\alpha$- ...
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### Deliquescence/efflorescence: How can I convert between salt concentration and RH?

I am looking at two phase diagrams, one has axes of $T$ and $\%\ce{MgClO4}$ in a $\ce{H2O-MgClO4}$ mix, and the other has axes of $T$ and relative humidity. The authors of the second phase diagram say ...
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### Manuals for a Cahn TG-171 Thermogravimetric Analyzer

Recently a Cahn TG-171 Thermogravimetric Analyzer was donated to my school. We did not get a service or user's manual with it, and some of it still needs to be put back together. I have tried to ...
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### How can I update a map/mesh and coordinates in a PyMol session file?

I have a PyMol session file I was using to create my figures. It contains a protein and ligand broken into several groups of atoms with a fair bit of overlap. There are also a few meshes built from ...
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### Why does hyperconjugation help for ring cleavage?

The question was to rationalize it the ring cleavage happens concerted or non-concerted. The papers "The Mechanism of the Thermal Decomposition of 1-Pyrazolines and Its Relationship to ...
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### Molecular Imaging - Any surprises to be had?

Molecular imaging, using STM and AFM technologies, appear so far to visually prove most of what we already know about chemical structures, such as VSEPR theory. For instance, here are the ideal ...
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### Relativistic effect: d-electrons in metallorganic complexes

With higher period the d-electrons of the metal are less strong bonded and therefore oxidative addition is easier for $\ce{Ir(I)}$ than for $\ce{Rh(I)}$ and much easier than for $\ce{Co(I)}$. For ...
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### Finding the number of cyclic isomers algorithmically

Is there an algorithm for finding the number of cyclic isomers a given compound might have? I've found a general algorithm for all isomers: link, but I'm not sure how to apply it for cyclic isomers ...
Looking at avidity between a ligand-receptor, you're looking at an enhancement of the $K_d$ compared to a lone ligand. Is it more appropriate to compare the $K_d$ using the concentration of the ...