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### Is there a general consensus on the causes of the alpha-effect?

There have been various explanations posited for the $\alpha$-effect. The $\alpha$-effect refers to a phenomenon wherein nucleophiles with lone pairs on atoms adjacent (i.e., in the $\alpha$- ...
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### Deliquescence/efflorescence: How can I convert between salt concentration and RH?

I am looking at two phase diagrams, one has axes of $T$ and $\%\ce{MgClO4}$ in a $\ce{H2O-MgClO4}$ mix, and the other has axes of $T$ and relative humidity. The authors of the second phase diagram say ...
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### How can I update a map/mesh and coordinates in a PyMol session file?

I have a PyMol session file I was using to create my figures. It contains a protein and ligand broken into several groups of atoms with a fair bit of overlap. There are also a few meshes built from ...
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### Why does hyperconjugation help for ring cleavage?

The question was to rationalize it the ring cleavage happens concerted or non-concerted. The papers "The Mechanism of the Thermal Decomposition of 1-Pyrazolines and Its Relationship to ...
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### Molecular Imaging - Any surprises to be had?

Molecular imaging, using STM and AFM technologies, appear so far to visually prove most of what we already know about chemical structures, such as VSEPR theory. For instance, here are the ideal ...
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### Relativistic effect: d-electrons in metallorganic complexes

With higher period the d-electrons of the metal are less strong bonded and therefore oxidative addition is easier for $\ce{Ir(I)}$ than for $\ce{Rh(I)}$ and much easier than for $\ce{Co(I)}$. For ...
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### When measuring avidity should you use the ligand concentration or the nanoparticle concentration?

Looking at avidity between a ligand-receptor, you're looking at an enhancement of the $K_d$ compared to a lone ligand. Is it more appropriate to compare the $K_d$ using the concentration of the ...
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### Carbocation stability order

I was wondering whether the following order (from here) is correct: In the first inequality, why did 9 hyperconjugations dominated resonance effect of benzene ring? In the last inequality ...
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### Is it possible for a group to substitute itself?

When I first learned about substitution reactions, I started wondering something that I never ended up figuring out: Suppose you have a strong nucleophile which is also a good leaving group, such as ...
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### How does the silver nucleate on glass in Tollen's reagent mirroring?

I'm trying to figure out how exactly does the silver start to grow during a mirroring with Tollen's reagent. I've made two pictures to illustrate how i see the nucleation/growth process of silver on ...
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### Hosoya Z Index and Correlation with Boiling Point

I have recently read about the Z topological index found by Hosoya. The papers/sources The Z index is the sum of the coefficients of the matching polynomials (no. of ways to choose an independent edge ...
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### What color is solid methane?

Is it blueish, perfect white or some other color? I am interested because some celestial bodies are said to be covered with methane ice.
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### Stereoelectronic effects in carbamate carbonyl oxygen attack on halide

The molecule illustrated below can react through either Path A or Path B to form salt 1 or salt 2. In both instances the carbonyl oxygen functions as the nucleophile in an intramolecular alkylation. ...
Gasoline’s power throughput per kg is $12\,200\:\mathrm{Wh/kg}$ (Wikipedia.org). Are there any other fuels that have a higher power output that are not considered viable solutions as they are ...