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### Is there a general consensus on the causes of the alpha-effect?

There have been various explanations posited for the $\alpha$-effect. The $\alpha$-effect refers to a phenomenon wherein nucleophiles with lone pairs on atoms adjacent (i.e., in the $\alpha$- ...
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### How many times can we recycle one sheet of paper?

Its really interesting to see the process of recycling of paper (as shown in picture below) but at the same time I was thinking like for how many times can one sheet of paper can be recycled ?
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### Deliquescence/efflorescence: How can I convert between salt concentration and RH?

I am looking at two phase diagrams, one has axes of $T$ and $\%\ce{MgClO4}$ in a $\ce{H2O-MgClO4}$ mix, and the other has axes of $T$ and relative humidity. The authors of the second phase diagram say ...
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### Manuals for a Cahn TG-171 Thermogravimetric Analyzer

Recently a Cahn TG-171 Thermogravimetric Analyzer was donated to my school. We did not get a service or user's manual with it, and some of it still needs to be put back together. I have tried to ...
203 views

### How can I update a map/mesh and coordinates in a PyMol session file?

I have a PyMol session file I was using to create my figures. It contains a protein and ligand broken into several groups of atoms with a fair bit of overlap. There are also a few meshes built from ...
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### How to calculate the pH of a saturated solution from its solubility constant Ksp and acidity constant Ka?

Given that $K_{\mathrm{sp}}(\ce{CaF2})=3.2\cdot 10^{-11}$, $K_{\mathrm{a}}(\ce{HF})=10^{-5}$, and $K_{\mathrm{w}}=10^{-14}$. Calculate $\mathrm{pH}$ of saturated $\ce{CaF2}$. Here is my ...
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### Relativistic effect: d-electrons in metallorganic complexes

With higher period the d-electrons of the metal are less strong bonded and therefore oxidative addition is easier for $\ce{Ir(I)}$ than for $\ce{Rh(I)}$ and much easier than for $\ce{Co(I)}$. For ...
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### Finding the number of cyclic isomers algorithmically

Is there an algorithm for finding the number of cyclic isomers a given compound might have? I've found a general algorithm for all isomers: link, but I'm not sure how to apply it for cyclic isomers ...