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2answers
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Stability of cyclobutyl methyl carbocation

I know that cyclopropyl methyl carbocation is exceptionally stable compared to say, benzyl carbocation. But I want to know how stable is cyclobutyl methyl carbocation compared to say, ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Thermodynamic stability of benzene ring

In learned that when benzene undergoes hydrogenation, $208KJ$ of energy is given off and thus $152KJ$ less energy than what would be given off if Kekule's structure was correct. My confusion is that ...
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2answers
34 views

delocalised electrons and benzene's stability

In most high school chemistry books, it is said that the delocalised electrons in benzene makes it particularly stable. However, how does it contribute to stability? Is there any simple way of ...
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0answers
73 views

Variable oxidation state of transition metal ions

Transition metals can form stable ions with different oxidation states. But I am confused why doesn't only the most stable state exist. Let me clarify my question more: $$\ce{Ti^{2+} -> Ti^{3+} + ...
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0answers
61 views

Why Fe(CO)5 exists, but Fe(NH3)5 doesn't?

Like in title: Why $\ce{Fe(CO)5}$ exists, but $\ce{Fe(NH3)5}$ doesn't? Edit: As Jan Dvorak pointed out, it may exist. If so: why is it so unstable?
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1answer
106 views

Stability of Allenes and Alkynes,

In Allenes, the $\ce{C=C=C}$ structure makes sure that the $p$-orbital of central carbon overlaps with 2 other carbons and the $p$-orbital of central carbon spreads out over the 3 carbons. In ...
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3answers
93 views

Why are noble gases stable

I was recently asked the question "Why are noble gases stable? with the expectation of providing an answer beyond the general explanation of "they have full valence layers" and I couldn't think of ...
5
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1answer
189 views

Resonance stability: ester vs. thioester

My problem set solution cites: "Although sulfur is less electronegative than oxygen, overlap is a more important consideration. Sulfur is a member of the third period. As a consequence, a ...
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1answer
106 views

Which is most stable conformation of optically inactive Butane–2,3–diol?

The most stable conformation of optically inactive Butane–2,3–diol is: (A) (B) (C) (D) I choose C as the correct answer but, in the answer key it given to be B. C is the staggered form and the ...
5
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2answers
347 views

Is oxygen with a positive charge more stable? (comparison of canonical structures)

Which of the contributing structures of the resonance below is more stable? I'm watching a video lecture by a professor of my college where he puts this question to the class. The class ...
7
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1answer
88 views

Phenyl vs methyl cis/trans stability

Compound I is obviously the Z isomer. I thought it was obviously the less stable one too, given that there's a phenyl and t-butyl on the same side. The answer says that since the phenyl is planar, ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Lone pair electrons on secondary carbon vs primary carbon

I know that a molecule is more stable when a free radical is on a secondary carbon over a primary carbon, but how about when there is a lone pair of elections that can be placed on a secondary or ...
2
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3answers
61 views

Are sulfonyl-carboxylates stable in water?

This time I am interested in a specific type of acid anhydride, sulfonyl-carboxylates, i.e. compounds with the following molecular structure: where R1 and R2 are organic substituents or hydrogen ...
2
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3answers
83 views

Are dicarbonyl amides stable in water?

Dicarbonyl amides, that is carboxylic acid anhydrides with their single-bonded oxygen between their carbonyl groups replaced with an amide group, I'm curious as to whether they're stable in water or ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Is it possible to create an acid anhydride that's stable in water and if so what conditions must its structure satisfy?

I ask this question because if acid anhydrides are always unstable in water then my interest, as a studier of pharmacology, would be greatly diminished. Acid anhydrides are, in my books, at least, the ...
1
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1answer
289 views

What does reaction exothermicity say about the stability of molecules

If a reaction is exothermic it means that the energy state of the products is lower than that of the reactants so this will be the state that 'nature' will naturally strive for. Often you see that ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Normal Spinel and Inverse Spinel

According to my notes, [OCTAHEDRAL SITE STABILIZATION ENERGY (OSSE)], sterical effects and electronic effects in stability create a confusion in this theory. However, we are able to solve this problem ...
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3answers
11k views

Difference between thermodynamic and kinetic stability

What is the difference between thermodynamic and kinetic stability? I'd like a basic explanation, but not too simple. For example, methane does not burn until lit -- why?
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1answer
181 views

What are the g-block's predicted properties?

I have been researching for a Physics/Chemistry exam and thought; what will the future periods in the periodic table (periods 8 and above) would entail? Each block contains its own properties that ...
5
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2answers
336 views

Is this the lowest chair conformer of Beta D-galactose

I drew the conformer (below) and I'm wondering if this is the most stable chair conformation. Three of the bonds are equatorial so it looks like the most stable to me.
3
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1answer
318 views

Why are noble gases stable?

Generally, noble gases are very unreactive. Why? I understand that it has to do with electron shielding prospective electrons that could join the atom or leave and the energies associated with both ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Why not “Oxygate” OO4(2-)?

So many atoms can be surrounded by oxygen atoms to make anions - chromate, phosphate, etc. In particular there's Tellurate TeO4(2-), Selenate SeO4(2-) and Sulfate SO4(2-) - why not go one step more ...
4
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1answer
262 views

Why is a sodium metabisulfite-starch-HCl solution unstable?

In one variation of the Iodine Clock Demonstration, you add two colorless solutions together and apparently nothing happens. After about 30 seconds to a minute, you get an "instantaneous" change to a ...
2
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1answer
728 views

The most stable furan resonance structures?

I want to know which are the most stable furan resonance structures. I know that structure number 1 is the most stable, but which one comes after?
7
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1answer
398 views

What dictates the lifetime of a solvated electron in a given solvent?

Solvated electrons have a long lifetime in ammonia solutions, but their counterparts in water (called hydrated electrons) have a much smaller lifetime, of the order of microseconds in very pure water. ...