For questions related to the solubility of compounds in various solvents, especially in water.

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What factors contribute most to solubility of ionic substances in highly polar solvents, esp. ionic liquids and DES?

I am trying to determine a method to dissolve a mineral salt with a lattice energy of ≈18000 kJ/mol. I know that lattice energy is the most significant factor affecting solubility of an ionic ...
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1answer
25 views

Is NaCl in water considered “solution” despite of NaCl's having some precipitation?

Is $\ce{NaCl}$ in water aqueous? For a certain amount of $\ce{NaCl}$, it can dissolve in water but if you add more $\ce{NaCl}$ it can't dissolve any more. So, if in a certain reaction $\ce{NaCl}$ is ...
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1answer
40 views

Why is lithium bromide used in absorption refrigerators?

Lithium bromide refrigerator Why is lithium bromide used in absorption refrigerators? It is more expensive than sodium chloride. The wikipedia article on lithium bromide says it is extremely ...
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1answer
37 views

Solubility in homogenous mixtures of solvents [duplicate]

Alcohol and water are miscible. I am coming across some chemicals that are soluble in alcohol and insoluble in water. If I know solubility in two solvents separately, is solubility in a mixture of ...
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21 views

Determining the solubility of a gas

Problems: Part 1: If 27 g of acetylene gas (C2H2) dissolves in 1.00 L of acetone at 1.0 atm, then what is the solubility of acetylene in acetone if the partial pressure of acetylene is increased to ...
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1answer
48 views

Solubility and Evaporation - Would the concentration still be 1 ppm?

A certain salt has a solubility of 1 mg/1 L. I have 1 mg of this certain salt dissolving in 1 L of water, I have a concentration of 1 ppm. 1st Question: If the solution is left open to evaporation, ...
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1answer
232 views

Are all NO3- salts soluble in water? If so, why?

All the examples of $\ce{NO3-}$ salts are soluble in water (all that I know about). Is it always so or there is some salt which doesn't dissolve in water? If so what is the reason behind it?
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44 views

How to find the standard enthalpy and entropy for the dissolution of silver chloride?

A maximum of $1.89~\mathrm{mg}$ of $\ce{AgCl}$ will dissolve in $1.00~\mathrm{L}$ of solution at $25.00~^\circ\mathrm{C}$. A maximum of $5.26~\mathrm{mg}$ of $\ce{AgCl}$ will dissolve in ...
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29 views

Alkali Metal Rosinates Solubility in Acetone

In violin finishing technology alkali metal Rosinates are used in varnish synthesis. Usually this alkali metal Rosinates are soluble in Turpentine. I also know that Copper, Zinc Rosinates are soluble ...
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79 views

How do I predict the solubility of a compound in a mixture of water and an organic co-solvent?

I'm trying to predict the solubility of long alcohols (e.g. 1-octanol, 1-decanol or 1-dodecanol) in a mixture of water and an organic co-solvent such as DMSO, acetonitrile or ethyl acetate. For ...
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1answer
71 views

Predicting relative solubilites of salts without Ksp values

Is there a way of comparing which salt is more soluble without knowing their $ K_{sp}$ data or performing experiments? For example, comparing $\ce{Hg2Cl2}$ and $\ce{Cr2(SO4)3}$. I am not sure ...
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1answer
25 views

Purification of water with ferric chloride

Ferric chloride ($\ce{FeCl3}$) is a chemical used in water treatment. If ferric chloride is added to a water sample containing calcium bicarbonate, would the $\mathrm{pH}$ of the solution decrease or ...
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1answer
36 views

Why are the three most simple alcohols completely miscible?

I want to know why the three most simple alcohols (methanol, ethanol and propanol) are completely miscible in water? I want to know what happens at molecular level. I think hydrogen bonding plays ...
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2answers
40 views

Identifying MgCl2 or CaCl2 in solution

I have an aqueous solution of either $\ce{MgCl2}$ or $\ce{CaCl2}$ in solution with $\ce{K2SO4}$. There is a white precipitate that forms on the bottom that does not dissolve when $\ce{HCl}$ is added ...
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61 views

Solubility of different compounds?

I am the typical student that is very bad in organic chemistry. I understand that some of you might find my question trivial and would instruct me to go google up my answers instead. I have tried ...
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1answer
52 views

Approximating the concentration of ions when a salt dissociates

In my textbook written that: Given that $K_\mathrm{sp}(\ce{Ag2CrO4})=9.0\times 10^{-12}$, consider the solubility of $\ce{Ag2CrO4}$ in a $0.100\:\mathrm{M}$ solution of $\ce{AgNO3}$. Initial ...
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Solubility of non polar substances in non polar solutions

From my understanding, the general rule for solubility is that polar molecules are soluble in polar liquids (e.g. water), and non polar substances are soluble in non polar liquids (organic solvents). ...
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3answers
305 views

Differentiation between Zn(2+), Al(3+), Mg(2+) in solution

If I have three aqueous ionic solutions in which I know that the cation is $\ce{Al^3+}$, $\ce{Mg^2+}$, or $\ce{Zn^2+}$, and that how do I find out which is which? I was thinking to add $\ce{OH-}$ in ...
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1answer
52 views

Is solubility in Qsp affected by coefficient?

Related to my previous question: Is solubility coefficient affected if ion data is given in Ksp? $200\,\mathrm{mL}$ solution of $0.02\,\mathrm{M}\,\ce{AgNO3}$ is added to $200\,\mathrm{mL}$ ...
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1answer
36 views

What is the Ksp of Al(OH)3?

Top hits on google are: This site Aluminum hydroxide $\ce{Al(OH)_3}$ >> $ 1.3×10^{–33}$ and This site Aluminum hydroxide $\ce{Al(OH)_3}$ >> $ 3×10^{–34}$ which is one order of magnitude ...
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28 views

Reference request for the number of solvents around a solute

I want to know if there is a way to find number of solvent molecules that are directly embracing a solute molecule ( something like a reference or table that shows waters of hydration ). Particularly ...
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2answers
159 views

How to calculate the pH of a saturated solution from its solubility constant Ksp and acidity constant Ka?

Given that $K_{\mathrm{sp}}(\ce{CaF2})=3.2\cdot 10^{-11}$, $K_{\mathrm{a}}(\ce{HF})=10^{-5}$, and $K_{\mathrm{w}}=10^{-14}$. Calculate $\mathrm{pH}$ of saturated $\ce{CaF2}$. Edit: Since my ...
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1answer
39 views

Is solubility coefficient affected if ion data is given in Ksp?

Recently I've been looking at this website, which says: The $K_{\mathrm{sp}}$ of $\ce{Cr(OH)3}$ is $6.70 \times 10^{-31}$ Problem 1: What is the minimum $\mathrm{pH}$ at which $\ce{Cr(OH)3}$ ...
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1answer
253 views

Why solubility decreases with temperature increase?

Recently I was researching $\ce{Ca(OH)_2}$, and I found this on Wikipedia: Can you explain why solubility decreases when temperature increases?
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Why cooling an exothermic solution it increases it's solubility? [duplicate]

In my chemistry book writes that cooling an exothermic solution(e.g. $\ce{NaOH + H2O}$) increases it's solubility, and I can't understand why since the cooling should decrease it.
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81 views

Solubility of C5H11OH and C5H11Cl

Objectively, what makes the solubility of $\ce{C5H11OH}$ greater than the $\ce{C5H11Cl}$ in water?
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1answer
103 views

Old, red sample of sodium tetraphenylborate—why it is red?

I have a really old sample of sodium tetraphenylborate. It should be white, but it is red. Does anyone know what was formed and how it influences precipitation of cations in water?
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32 views

Crystallization issue

For solid-liquid mixtures, cooling crystallization process can be used to separate the solute substances from each other. Assume that we have two salts that have very close solubility in a certain ...
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1answer
34 views

Henry's constant and solubility

According to Henry's law The solubility of gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure i.e S=Kp My book says that higher the value of K at a given pressure lower is the ...
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2answers
83 views

How to determine which salt will precipitate from a solution containing multiple ions?

I have a solution containing $0.2\:\mathrm{mol}$ of $\ce{Br^-}$ ions and $\ce{SO_4^2-}$ ions each. Now if I add excess $\ce{AgNO3}$ in this solution, what will precipitate? $\ce{Ag2SO4}$ or ...
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1answer
35 views

Cohesive Energy Density table request

Quick question: Any one knows a resource for Cohesive Energy Density of some organic materials ? I am not looking for any specific molecule, actually I want to plan my project based on available ...
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1answer
44 views

Why do exothermic dissolution reactions occur?

I've always been taught that an exothermic dissolution means that the forming of solute-solvent bonds releases more energy than the energy consumed to break solute-solute bonds and solvent-solvent ...
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1answer
93 views

Mixing solvents, or how does paint thinner work?

I would like to understand how a mixture of solvents works together. For example, there are two solvents combined, and each one alone can dissolve some material, but one acts faster. How do they ...
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2answers
100 views

Double Replacement Reactions form Precipitates

Why do most all double replacement reactions result in a precipitate and an aqueous molecule? Is it because the individual solute molecules always form stronger bonds such as how in single replacement ...
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67 views

Concentration cell lower half cell concentration from measured cell potential

I am trying to find the Ksp of silver thiocyanate: AgSCN(s) --> Ag+ (aq)SCN-(aq) but I need to first prove that the lower [Ag+] = 1.27-12 M, but don't know how to find it. The data I am given: ...
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62 views

Effect of pressure on solubility of salts

The volume of certain saturated solution is greater than the sum of the volumes of the water and salt from which it is made. On increasing pressure solubility of this salt (a) Increases ...
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3answers
889 views

How concentrated can an acid be?

How concentrated can an acid be without it being supersaturated? Is there a certain limit to how concentrated an acid or base can be? When I mean concentration, I mean molarity; so how concentrated ...
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1answer
51 views

Can a strong electrolyte be sparingly soluble?

A strong electrolyte is an electrolyte that completely, or almost completely, ionizes or dissociates in a solution. My book has a question: In a saturated solution of sparingly soluble strong ...
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1answer
23 views

Solubility problem, finding Ksp

The problem gives that the solubility of Silver dichromate is $8.3\times10^{-3} g/100mL$. I need to find $K_{sp}$ which is supposed to be $2.8\times10^{-11}$. $K_{sp}$ is $\ce{[Ag+]^2[Cr2O7^{2-}]}$ ...
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0answers
47 views

What substance has the lowest Ksp value?

What substance has the lowest $K_{sp}$? What is the value of its $K_{sp}$? The lowest I could find is $2.6*10^{-124}$ for cobalt(III) sulfide.
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1answer
126 views

Polarity of the nitrate ion

We observe that nitrate ion has a trigonal planar geometry according to its lewis structure and the VSEPR theory. Its resonance hybrid consists of three contributing structure -three probable double ...
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1answer
39 views

Changing solubility of metal complex by adding ethanol

After creating a solution of copper(II)-sulfate-pentahydrate, water and concentrated ammonia, the newly formed complex (tetraamminecopper(II)-sulfate-monohydrate) is completely dissolved in water. By ...
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1answer
80 views

Why are transition metal hydroxides insoluble?

From what I understand, adding $\ce{NaOH}$ to a solution containing transition metal ions gives transition metal hydroxide precipitates. Why is $\ce{NaOH}$ soluble but transition metal hydroxides ...
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69 views

Does sorbitol dissolve in ethanol?

I know Sorbitol, $\ce{C_6H_14O_6}$ $$\ce {C(OH)H_2 (C(OH)H)_4C(OH)H_2}$$is soluble in water however I did not have much luck finding out whether or not it is soluble in ethanol. My guess is that it ...
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1answer
59 views

Solubility of Ca(OH)₂ as determined by experiment

For a lab I had to determine the solubility and $K_{sp}$ of $\ce{Ca(OH)2}$ by performing two different titrations. I am given the formula to find solubility in molarity it is as written below. ...
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1answer
43 views

3rd analytical group of cations

If a mixture of Mn$^{2+}$, Zn$^{2+}$, Co$^{2+}$, Ni$^{2+}$ and Al$^{3+}$ salts is dissolved in water, a white dim solution is obtained. I guess that the aluminium and zinc ions hydrolysed and the ...
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57 views

Does tetramine copper dissolve cellulose?

I saw a Youtube video which showed that cotton (cellulose) dissolves in deep blue solution of tetramine copper made by adding 20% ammonia in copper carbonate salt. I tried to replicate the process ...
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1answer
34 views

Solubility determination of Ca(OH)₂ in water

In one problem it's asking me to find the solubility of $\ce{Ca(OH)2}$ in water. In that problem it assumes the starting concentration $\ce{OH}$ to be zero. But for other problems like $\ce{BaSO4}$ in ...
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3answers
146 views

Is it possible to make a drug that liquefies heart plaque to treat heart disease?

Is it possible to make a drug that liquefies heart plaque to treat heart disease without damaging other parts of the body? If so, would the liquefied plaque be eliminated as regular fluid is through ...
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1answer
96 views

How to calculate the solubility of AgCl in a MgSO₄ solution?

The solubility product of $\ce{AgCl}$ in water is given as $1.8\cdot10^{-10}$ Determine the solubility of $\ce{AgCl}$ in pure water and in a $0.25~\mathrm{M}$ $\ce{MgSO4}$ solution. I solve to the ...