Stands for Potential of Hydrogen and is a measure of how acidic or base an aqueous substance is.

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Calculating Buffer Capacity

I completed a titration of Ammonium Acetate buffer solution and to it I added 2M Hydrochloric Acid. I measured the initial pH of the buffer solution before any acid was added and I used methyl ...
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Purification of water with ferric chloride

Ferric chloride ($\ce{FeCl3}$) is a chemical used in water treatment. If ferric chloride is added to a water sample containing calcium bicarbonate, would the $\mathrm{pH}$ of the solution decrease or ...
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Determining (approximately) the amount of a strong base needed to change a buffer's pH by a certain number of units

I'm measuring buffer capacity by titrating $\ce{NaOH}$ into a buffer of $\ce {H3PO4 + NaH2PO4}$. I'm measuring buffer capacity by recording the amount of $\ce{NaOH}$ required to increase the ...
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What is the pH of a solution of lactic acid [closed]

What is the pH of a $0.145\,\mathrm{M}$ solution of lactic acid ($\ce{HC3H5O3}$)? Could anyone verify my answer? $-\log{0.145} = 0.838$
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55 views

Investigating a factor affecting buffer capacity

I'm preparing for an experiment to investigate some factor affecting buffer capacity. At the moment, I'm looking at using a $\ce{NH_3}$ ($2\,\mathrm{M}$) $+$ $\ce{NH_4Cl}$ buffer, but I'm not sure ...
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How to calculate the pH of a saturated solution from its solubility constant Ksp and acidity constant Ka?

Given that $K_{\mathrm{sp}}(\ce{CaF2})=3.2\cdot 10^{-11}$, $K_{\mathrm{a}}(\ce{HF})=10^{-5}$, and $K_{\mathrm{w}}=10^{-14}$. Calculate $\mathrm{pH}$ of saturated $\ce{CaF2}$. Here is my ...
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1answer
43 views

What is the necessary volume of concentrated HCl to prepare a solution with a pH of 1.8?

Here is my question: What volume of a concentrated $\ce{HCl}$ solution, which is $36.0\%$ $\ce{HCl}$ by mass and has a density of $1.179~\mathrm{g~mL^{-1}}$, should be used to make ...
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35 views

Dissolving Aspartic acid in vinegar?

I am trying to dissolve aspartic acid into vinegar as use as a carbon source in saltwater aquariums. It does not dissolve. I was told to increase the pH and it will work? What is the best way to ...
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65 views

Ksp calculation of Cr(OH)2

At $25~\mathrm{^\circ C}$, $10.24~\mathrm{mg}$ of $\ce{Cr(OH)2}$ are dissolved in enough water to make $125~\mathrm{mL}$ of solution. When equilibrium is established, the solution has a $\mathrm{pH}$ ...
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1answer
163 views

Why does an acid have a low pH value?

When study biology in class, I don't know how my teacher get to the topics on pH value. So, she says that pH stands for percentage hydrogen. Then, I thought there is something strange about it cause ...
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83 views

What is the role of pH in azo coupling reaction of diazonium with phenol and aniline?

Why is it so that azo coupling with phenol needs basic pH (9–10) and with aniline it needs acidic pH (4–5). How does pH participate in the mechanism? I have searched the internet for quite a while ...
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37 views

Potentiometric titration using a pH meter

Why is the pH of a buffer solution measured before measuring the pH of an unknown solution? I do not have any idea about it. I had read a chapter about ionic equilibrium and electrochemistry, but have ...
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106 views

Diluting acetic acid to obtain a solution of pH 5 [closed]

What percent of a solution needs to be acetic acid for a particular $\mathrm{pH}$? I have 100% acetic acid, and want $1~\mathrm{L}$ of solution with a $\mathrm{pH}$ of 5. I've done some research, but ...
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80 views

Equilibrium constants for lewis acids such as Ca2+

I need to calculate the theoretical $\mathrm{pH}$ in a $50~\mathrm{mL}$ water solution where $6.4\times10^{-4}~\mathrm{g}$ of $\ce{Ca^{2+}}$ is present. The reaction I base this on is the following ...
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1answer
63 views

Finding pH of a buffer

What is the pH of a solution prepared by mixing 25.00 mL of 0.10 M methylamine, $\ce{CH3NH2}$, with 25.00 mL of 0.10 M methylammonium chloride, $\ce{CH3NH3Cl}$? Assume that the volume of the solutions ...
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68 views

Determining the H⁺ Concentration of Na₃PO₄

The problem asks to determine the $[\ce{H+}]$ in a $0.20~\mathrm{M}$ solution of $\ce{Na3PO4}$. The $K_\mathrm{a}$ of $\ce{HPO4-}$ was given as $4.5\times 10^{-13}$, which then allows one to calculate ...
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48 views

After mixing, which species has the dominant affect on the pH of the solution that remains?

A solution is created by mixing $250\,\mathrm{mL}$ of $1\,\mathrm{M}$ $\ce{HCl}$, $250\,\mathrm{mL}$ of $1\,\mathrm{M}$ $\ce{CH3COOH}$ and $500\,\mathrm{mL}$ of $1.5\,\mathrm{M}$ $\ce{CsOH}$. The ...
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61 views

What is the pH of CsBr?

a) 3.8 b) 7 c) 9 d) 12 My Attempt: $\ce{Cs+ + H2O <<=> CsOH + H+}$ (because $\ce{CsOH}$ is a strong base, the forward reaction should not occur right)? $\ce{Br- + H2O <<=> HBr + ...
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34 views

Alkaline glycine buffer molarity

Having never prepared a buffer solution before, I am hoping for a little help in understanding the process. This method I plan to use calls for a 0.1M glycine buffer at pH 10.6. Some internet ...
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1answer
60 views

Effect of dilution on pH for HCl

Is it necessary to consider common ion effect when suppose a strong acid like HCl is added to water? For example in this question: 10 mL of $10^{-6 } \ce{mol/L \ HCl}$ solution is mixed with 90 mL of ...
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68 views

Can I make a pH 7 buffer from phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide?

I am an electronics guy with not so much knowledge of chemistry. I would like to prepare a pH 7 buffer to test pH meters. All web references I have found so far describing how to make a phosphate ...
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151 views

Calculating pH for titration of weak base with strong acid

Calculate the pH at the equivalence point for the titration of 0.130 M methylamine ($\ce{CH3NH2}$) with 0.130 M $\ce{HCl}$. The Kb of methylamine is ${5.0×10^{–4}}$. So I started with the equation: ...
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How is the pKa of extremely weak acids determined?

According to Wikipedia the conjugate acid of LDA has a pKa of about 35 - which is in line with figures I've seen elsewhere. How then can such a weak acid's pKa of be determined? If the determination ...
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43 views

What's a good resource/book on pH measurements?

Most resources on pH and the electrochemistry behind it that I've found are IMHO too superficial. For example, they explain that an electrode with less than 80% slope should be discarded, but not why ...
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Can I use my extech pH 60 meter to measure soil pH if so how?

Can I use my extech pH60 meter to measure soil pH if so how? I included a link to the meter. Extech pH 60
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How concentrated can an acid be?

How concentrated can an acid be without it being supersaturated? Is there a certain limit to how concentrated an acid or base can be? When I mean concentration, I mean molarity; so how concentrated ...
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97 views

Chalcogens' hydrides as acids?

I've noticed that chalcogens never form binary acids, and instead end up like water, with very little acidity. Why is this? Or am I wrong and there's a counterexample, if so please give it.
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Slow acidification process

I'm trying to find a substitute of Glucono delta-lactone (GDL). This food additive is usually used to produce silk tofu. Because of its slow hydrolysis the pH decreases very smoothly, which results in ...
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132 views

Finding new pH after NaOH added to buffer soln given original pH and concentrations of both components

I have a buffer containing 0.2000 M of the acid HA, and 0.1500 M of it's conjugate base A-, with a pH of 3.35. I need to find the pH after 0.0015 mol of NaOH is added to 0.5000 L of the solution. I ...
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How do you find the pH of a solution from a density and weight percentage? [closed]

An $\ce{HCl}$ solution of density $\mathrm{1.19~g~ml^{-1}}$ has weight percentage of 38%. Find it's pH. Since there is no given volume I assume there is no way to solve this?
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How to calculate the pH of a sodium fluoride and hydrogen fluoride aqueous mixture? [closed]

What is the pH of a solution that is $0.20~\mathrm{M}$ in $\ce{HF}$ and $0.40~\mathrm{M}$ in $\ce{NaF}$? $K_a = 7.2\cdot10^{-4}$ I am stumped on this question. Is the concentration greater in ...
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Impossible pH For Aqueous Weak Acid Solution

An aqueous solution of $\ce{HCl}$ has a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $0.00$ if $[\ce{H+}] = 1.00 \; \mathrm{M}$. I tried to see if an aqueous solution of acetic acid could have a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $0.00$, given ...
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Carbonic acid-hydrogencarbonate buffer system pH calculation?

I am learning about the pH of buffer solutions, and am slightly confused by my text book's calculation. For the blood's buffer system of carbonic acid and hydrogencarbonate ions as the conjugate case, ...
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Why is ionic strength (mu) calculated differently for these 2 examples?

In the following examples; I don't understand why $\ce{Na_3PO_4}$ is a much more complicated process when calculating $\mu$ compared to $\ce{NaH_2PO_4}$ and $\ce{Na_2HPO_4}$. Specifically, I don't ...
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63 views

Henderson Hasselbach Equation

So will the hasselbach equation be able to calculate the pH when you have an acidic solution and you add a basic solution? Will that be possible or should you must add only add an acid to calculate ...
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How to report pH values?

I have measured the pH in the water-soluble fraction of a powder. I weighed in a certain amount of powder and a certain amount of water, and extracted the water-soluble fraction. I then measured the ...
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112 views

How do I know that an acid and conjugate base are present in equimolar amounts?

Acetylsalicylic acid is a molecule in several popular drugs such as Magnyl and aspirin. Its pKa is 3.5, and I'm about to calculate the pH of a 0.010 M solution of acetylsalicylic acid. I've read up ...
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1answer
46 views

Calculating charge of amino acids (am I doing it right?)

Please consider this picture of a peptide chain: I've done some examining on the different amino acids and concluded that the chain is as follows: Lys-Leu-Gly-Ser-Citrullin (variant of arginine). ...
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Which pH indicator will give a dramatic color change with small changes in the amount of carbon dioxide dissolved in water?

I want to do a demonstration for students where they take a capped syringe and change the volume above a solution of seltzer water. The amount of carbon dioxide dissolved will vary, hopefully ...
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124 views

How can pKas differ across similar protons of the same atom?

For example, citric acid has three acidic protons, all of which are carboxylic acids. Despite being part of the same functional groups, they all have very different pKas. Why (and how?) is this?
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Can a negative pH exist? [duplicate]

I am programming a small model to simulate diffusion of $\ce{H+}$ ions in human tissue. It's quite a simplistic model based on a naive algorithm, and I'm mostly doing it to familiarize with the ...
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1answer
40 views

Carbonate + acid reactions - How to recognize these type of reactions?

So I've got $$\ce{CaCO_3 + HCl \rightarrow CO_2 + H_2 O + CaCl_2}$$ I'm wondering how I can recognize these types of reactions? I know that when I mix an acid and a base I get salt and water but in ...
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127 views

pH Curves for Titrations

Why does the pH rapidly increase near the equivalence point during--why does the slope of the graph of a pH curve sharply increase around this area?
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Why is it that weak bases usually contain a Nitrogen?

Why do weak bases usually contain a nitrogen, I know there are two electrons on top for a bond of H but why is it mostly nitrogen? I know there are other elemental bases too but why do I keep seeing ...
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871 views

What's the pH of Vinegar when it generally contains 5% Acetic acid?

Vinegar generally contains 5% Acetic acid. We would expect the pH of vinegar to be approximately: a. 0 b. 3 c. 7 d. 9 e. 12 I don't have the key for this question, so I ...
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What is the S2− in 0.10 M hydrogen sulfide?

I found this question in one of the problem sets and I decided to try it, I keep getting 9.1 × 10−8 as the answer and I thought this since this is a diprotic acid and I made two equations and I keep ...
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1answer
116 views

How to calculate the pH of a citric acid solution after adding magnesium oxide? [closed]

$4.03~\mathrm{g}$ ($0.100~\mathrm{mol}$) of magnesium oxide is added to $100~\mathrm{mL}$ of a saturated ($4.00~\mathrm{mol\cdot L^{–1}}$) solution of citric acid. Calculate the pH of the resulting ...
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102 views

What ratio of bicarb to vinegar do I need in order for the result to be ph neutral?

This question stems from the one I just asked over at cooking where my recipe tasted decidedly off because the pH was wrong. The recipe called for 16g bicarb of soda and 15g of vinegar (mine was 5% ...
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1answer
68 views

Find amount of Acid and Base required to make buffer

I am wondering if it is possible to know exact amount of acid and base that we can put in together to make a buffer. I want to make a 0.05M Extraction buffer using Disodium Hydrogen Phosphate and ...
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Are all strong acids the same strength?

Since the six strong acids dissociate completely into their ions, and the reaction goes to completion, does this mean that acids such as $\ce{HI}$ and $\ce{HCl}$ have the same acidic strength? I know ...