Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with organic molecules. Organic molecules generally have C-H or C-C bonds.

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Synthesis of glycerol from methane?

Any ideas on how to get $\ce{C3H8O3}$ (Glycerol) from $\ce{CH4}$? My theory is that by reacting $\ce{CH4}$ with $\ce{Cl2}$ (or $\ce{Br2}$), getting $\ce{CH3Cl}$, then Wurtz's method to $\ce{CH3CH3}$, ...
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Aspartame poisoning: Can it modify aminoacids?

I just accidentally closed a webpage (and did not find it later) which described that somehow, Aspartame poisoning victims had faults in the vital proteins of their body due to the reaction of ...
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Why is water a poor solvent for organic molecules?

Few organic molecules dissolve in water but why is this the case?
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Do Grignard reagents react with amides?

Clearly the amide will be unreactive given the poor quality of the leaving group and poor electrophilcity due to delocalization. However, does it react with organolithiums for example?
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Why is the iodide anion a good nucleophile but a poor base?

The $pK_{aH}$ of $I^-$ is very low which indicated that it is not favourable for it to bond with a proton. However, why would it be likely to bond with any other atom (mostly carbon when considering ...
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The difference between peptide bonds and the bonds between polypeptides?

I was doing some tests for the multiple-choice final we've got ahead. And it was on me to count the peptide bonds in an Insulin hormone with 51 aminoacids arranged in two polypeptides with 30 and 21 ...
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Grignard reagents react with epoxides but dissolve in THF, what happens in oxetane (four membered ether ring)?

Ring strain causes the epoxides to react and THF does not react because the ring strain is not large enough. Does the four membered ring react or not? Does it favor reaction with the harder or softer ...
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Why is methanol toxic?

There are two points of view for the answer of this question: The biological view, the only one that I faced during my research, states that since it can trigger perilous conditions like metabolic ...
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Search materials by HOMO, LUMO and work function

I need to search organic semiconductors for organic photovoltaics (OPV) by their HOMO, LUMO, work function at 300K (as I understand, WF cannot be derived from HOMO and LUMO because semiconductor can ...
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What is the origin of the naming of Desoxycorticosterone acetate?

Desoxy- means the compound misses an Oxygen comparing to the name without the prefix. Acetate means ethanoate in IUPAC language. Many biologists still abide old rules and call it acetate. And finally, ...
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Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Using Alkenes: Mechanism

What is the mechanism by which benzene, cyclohexene and $\ce{AlCl3}$ form cyclohexylbenzene? I believe that cyclohexene will form a bond with Al with its double bond. However, how do we get rid of ...
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In E1 reactions, does carbocation stability have impact on the final product?

In this question, I believe there is a mistake for iii). I think that there the tertiary carbocation would be formed (more stable), which would lead to the tetra substituted alkene (even more ...
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What makes R-MgX a more reactive Grignard reagent than R-CuX?

What makes $\ce{R-MgX}$ a more reactive Grignard reagent than $\ce{R-CuX}$? Has it to do with solvation, bond enthalpy, electronegativity?
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Why do Grignard reagents react with epoxides but not THF?

THF is used as a solvent for Grignard reagents, but epoxides react with Grignard reagents. There is only a small difference between epoxides and THF, what causes the difference in reactivity towards ...
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How do sunscreens protect the skin from UV rays?

I was unsure to the largest extent about whether I should post this question in chemistry Q & A or bio Q & A until I just read that sunscreens "absorb" UV rays, not allowing the most of those ...
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Why is Graphene So Strong?

There has been a lot of news about Graphene since its discovery in 2004. And as we are all told it is a revolutionary material which is very strong, conductive and transparent. But what is it about ...
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Halogen bond definition

I was looking for an accurate definition of halogen bonding. I was able to find quite a few good ones, but none of them would explain if a X---H intermolecular interaction would count as a form of ...
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Which is the parent chain in Neopentyl chloride? and why?

Which is the parent chain in this structure? and since all have 3 carbons so should any of them be the parent chain, if not .. then which should be and why? is it a rule in IUPAC naming?
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Which will get oxidized easily? [on hold]

Which of the following will get oxidized easily? a.Alkanes b.Alkenes c.Alkynes
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How does a Catalytic Poison reduce a catalysts activity

How does A catalytic poison reduce the activity of a catalyst, such as palladium used in hydrogenation of alkenes or any other such catalyst.
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IUPAC name for a compound

What is the systematic name of the compound shown in the image My try: 3-propylpentane.
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Chemical Thermodynamics

In this pic, you can see the report for lab work. I did the labwork, and it is asking -to find delta H pr -? -delta H (theor)-? -error ? Please help me to find those
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Good prep for organic chemistry? [on hold]

I am about to take organic chemistry this following semester what would be a good review to preper me for the class??
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In which beta-elimination reaction do the structures of the carbocations formed influence the reactivity?

I believe there is a mistake. If we go back to the mechanisms, E2 does not go through a carbocation. So, there should not be any impact. E1 does however. So, E1 should be circled. Is there a ...
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Does more branching lead to lower boiling point in alkanes?

Why is it that B has not a lower boiling point than C? Is it not more branched? I believe branching decreases surface area, leading to less intermolecular interactions, and to a higher bp.
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If the hydroxide ion is such a poor leaving group then why does water dissociate?

Water dissociates into the hydroxide and hydronium ions but, why does this happen if the hydroxide ion is such a poor leaving group. Alcohols don't undergo $\ce{S_{N}1}$ reactions because the ...
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Identify structure of compounds from their reactions and molecular formula

Compund P($\ce{C7H6O}$) on refluxing with aqueous ethanolic KCN solution for 1 hour, forms Q($\ce{C14H12O2}$). Q on oxidation gives R($\ce{C14H10O2}$). R on refluxing with aqueous NaOH solution ...
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Strong Base combined with Sp2 carbons in Nucleophilic Substitution and Beta-Elimination Reactions

When we are given this problem, there is a certain problem. We have a strong base, but hydrogen on the carbon of the phenyl. E2 is impossible. Also, SN2 is not possible since we have a hindered ...
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Acidity of Compounds and Inductive Effect Theory Use

What is the reason for which $\ce{CH3OH2+}$ is more acidic than $\ce{H3O+}$? If we look at the conjugate bases, the CH3- is electron-releasing, making the conjugate base of $\ce{CH3OH2+}$ more ...
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Lewis structures of Chemistry

How do you draw the lewis structure of $\ce {CS2}$ (carbon disulfide). I think I have the right answer but it says I don't
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How to get C2H6O2 from CH4? [closed]

So I am supposed to get $\ce{C2H6O2}$ from $\ce{CH4}$ ($\ce{CH4 -> C2H6O2}$). $\ce{CH4}$ has to react with some inorganic reagents in order for it to make $\ce{C2H6O2}$. We also have to find out ...
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Reduction of α,β-unsaturated nitro compounds

Would it be possible to reduce a α,β-unsaturated nitro compound to a saturated amine using for example $\ce{NaBH4}$? I know these kind of compounds will be reduced by hydrogenation using a $\ce{Pt/C}$ ...
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Can HBr add to a non-sp2 hybridized carbon?

Does this reaction make sense? Mechanistically speaking, it does not for me. Is this a special case, or just a typo in the book?
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Source for Rf-Values especially 1-phenylazo-2-naphthol

So i have sythesized 1-phenylazo-2-naphthol in my laboratory tutorial and have to analyze it. So i've done a TLC of it: solvent Ethanol, eluent: Toluene. Stationary phase: Silica gel plate. My only ...
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Why can't all electrophiles act as Lewis acids?

We know that all Lewis acids are electrophiles but I have a confusion whether the reverse is also true. Electrophiles are molecules that are in search of electrons while Lewis acids are short of ...
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What is the dipole moment of the most stable conformer of 1,1,2,2 tetra-flouro ethane?

I want to know about the dipole moment of this molecule. I think the molecule has no dipole moment, but a book says me that it has a dipole moment.
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Why can't acetals be formed under basic conditions? [duplicate]

I was reading through some notes, and noticed a sentence in my textbook that made me pause. Why exactly can't this reaction occur? Is there a specific stage in the mechanism that just fails? Thank ...
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Physical properties of benzene and fluorobenzene

This species is a derivative of benzene, with a single fluorine atom attached. Its melting point is -44 °C, which is lower than that of benzene, indicative of the remarkable effect of ...
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Mechanism of 1,2 hydride shifts

What is the mechanism of a 1,2 hydride shift? I read that there is an aromatic intermediate; the intermediate obeys Huckel's rule. However, Wikipedia doesn't offer any further explanation. Can ...
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Electrophilic aromatic substitution with fluorine

Why don't we usually use diatomic fluorine in electrophilic aromatic substitution? Is it because fluorine is a potent oxidizer and will react with the carbons? What might happen if we reacted ...
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Organic synthesis problems

I am an A-level student going into university and I am looking for a source of organic synthesis problems and answers that is freely available on the internet. The difficulty level I am looking for is ...
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Please explain the mechanism of Cannizzaro's reaction

I did not completely understand the mechanism of Cannizzaro's reaction, especially the rate determining step i.e. the hydride transfer step, and the effect of electron withdrawing substituents on this ...
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Which is the correct name for this organic compound?

Can anyone kindly help me to name this compound? Is the above compound 3-Ethyl-1,1-dimethylcyclohexane or 1-Ethyl-3,3-dimethylcyclohexane
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What is the systematic name of a “double benzene”?

Consider the molecule representation below. What is the systematic name of that molecule? Could it possibly be 3,4-hex-2,6-anebenzene?
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Explain why 2-methyl-1cyclohexanone slowly loses its optical activity at the presence of a dilute acid using structures and reactions [closed]

Explain why 2-methyl-1cyclohexanone slowly loses its optical activity at the presence of a dilute acid using structures and reactions Could you help me answer this question?
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SN2 attack and sp2 carbons

Why can't an enolate anion successfully displace a halogen from a benzene? I am told that the geometry is incorrect; that such SN2 substitutions take place on sp3 hybridized (i.e. tetrahedral) ...
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why is benzoic acid stronger acid than 3-aminobenzoic acid?

why is m-aminobenzoic acid weaker acid than benzoic acid? obviously at m-position only -I effect will be shown but how doeas that make it a weaker acid than benzoic acid??
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What would be SMILES notation for a compound with delocalized bonding?

For example, the cyclopentadienyl rings in ferrocene $\ce{Fe(}\eta^5 \ce{-C5H5)2}$ are often drawn with delocalized electron circles in them instead of explicit pi bonds. The Wikipedia article for ...
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Why is the halogenation of an alcohol a multistep process?

Refer to the mechanism posted on this site, if you will: http://www.chem.ucalgary.ca/courses/351/Carey5th/Ch08/ch8-10-3.html When the alcohol attacks the sulfur center, the pi electrons in the oxygen ...
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Does the hydrogen taken in an E1 reaction have to be antiperiplanar?

I'm wondering if the hydrogen stolen during an E1 reaction has to be antiperiplanar/anticoplanar like the hydrogen in an E2 reaction. Intuitively I'd say no, because the carbocation is flat so ...