An atom (or aggregation of atoms) of a particular element identified by mass number and distinguished by the number of neutrons in its nucleus.

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What is the difference of molar volume between dissolved 35Cl- and 37Cl-?

Im am geochemist, dealing with isotopes such as 35Cl and 37Cl. For some model I'm trying to make I need to be able to estimate what is the difference of partial molar volume between dissolved 35Cl ...
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1answer
37 views

Isotopes and their percentage existence in atmosphere

When we talk about percentages of isotopes of an element in the atmosphere, is it percent by mass or volume or weight or something else?
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46 views

Estimating for atomic number for an “unknown element”

A questions tells me there's this element with 3 isotopes (270.51 amu, 34.07% abundance; 271.23 amu, 55.12%; and 269.14 amu, 10.81%), and to solve for average atomic mass. I have done so and got 271 ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Deuterium depleted water through fractional distilation

Could a packed fractional still of the same type used to distill ethanol to 95% be used to produce deuterium depleted drinking water? The still has a 1000 watt electric heating element and has a ...
8
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1answer
93 views

E1 and E2 elimination reactions of isotopically labeled bromocyclohexanes

I am asked to draw the product for the E2 and E1 mechanism of 1,1-dibromo-2-methylcyclohexane. However one of the bromine atoms is the 79 isotope and the other is the 81 isotope. I am ...
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34 views

Experiment used to distinguish radical and pericyclic reactions

In Oxford Primer: Pericyclic Reactions by Ian Fleming it is written that the deuterium substitution of the hydrogen atoms in the diene and dienophile that participate in a possibly ...
3
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1answer
31 views

Are elemental compounds composed of different isotopes polarised?

Are elemental compounds composed of different isotopes polarised? I'd expect any such effect would only really be noticeable for very light elements such as hydrogen. I'm not sure which way the ...
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1answer
49 views

2 modes of radioactive decay for hydrogen-5?

While looking at a table of helium isotopes it said that helium-8 turns into Tritium(hydrogen-3) and helium-5 through fission and beta decay. But the pathway to helium-5 isn't so direct. It is more ...
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1answer
103 views

Calculating the physical properties of isotopes

I am trying to determine the theoretical physical properties (namely melting and boiling temperatures) of isotopic substances. Harold Urey used Debye thermodynamics (which is quite dense) in his 1946 ...
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1answer
78 views

Continuous flow mass spectrometer for isotope analysis

If i took thousands of discrete samples of mineral fragments in a field study using a specialized drill, what mass-spectrometry techniques/equipment would allow me to analyse the samples as fast as ...
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3answers
2k views

What is more acidic: D3O+ in D2O or H3O+ in H2O and why?

What is more acidic: $\ce{D3O+}$ in $\ce{D2O}$ or $\ce{H3O+}$ in $\ce{H2O}$ and why? I think it's $\ce{D3O+}$ in $\ce{D2O}$ as I saw somewhere that this property is used in mechanistic studies ...
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81 views

Specific Heat Capacity of Heavy Water

Water has an unusually high specific heat capacity due to it's hydrogen bonds. Why is it that the change in isotope causes a 10% difference in the heat capacity? How does the added neutron in the ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Obtaining deuterium directly from water

I know that there is 2:6400 deuterium and hydrogen molecules respectively in water. When electrolysis is done, hydrogen and oxygen will be obtained. The hydrogen obtained should contain small amounts ...
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1answer
291 views

Is it possible to make deuterated organic compounds?

Organic compounds always have a $\ce{C-H}$ bond. But can we make compounds having $\ce{C-D}$ bonds where D is the deuterium part like $\ce{CD4}$, $\ce{C2D5CHO}$, $\ce{C6D6}$ and other complex ...
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1answer
50 views

Does CDCl3 also Knock People Out?

I know that chloroform can be used to make people unconscious, but would that also work with deuterated chloroform, $\ce{CDCl3}$? My instinct is "yes", but I'm not sure I'm willing to try this ...
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1answer
2k views

Calculate the natural abundance of these two isotopes [closed]

The atomic masses of 6Li and 7Li are 6.0151 amu and 7.0160 amu, respectively. Calculate the natural abundance of these two isotopes. The average atomic mass of Lithium (Li=6.941 amu).
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Why are isotopes of hydrogen the only ones with special names?

Why does no other element but hydrogen get special names for its isotopes?
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1answer
2k views

Why atomic masses aren't integers?

Most of the elements have isotopes, so the atomic masses are calculated depending on the percentage of the existing isotopes. That is clear. However, what about elements that have only one isotope ...
3
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1answer
352 views

Correct Electron Configuration of Ni-28

I have seen two electron configurations for $\ce{_{28}Ni}$ in my chemistry textbook: $$[\ce{Ar}]~3d^8~4s^2$$ $$[\ce{Ar}]~3d^9~4s^1$$ Which of those is ACTUALLY the correct one (in real life, reality)? ...
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21 views

Do we have a reasonable assurance that relative atomic mass is constant throughout the universe? [duplicate]

I know atomic mass can be (over) simplified as the average mass of all isotopes of a given element weighted by the ratio of their natural occurrence. I also know that, as far as we know, refining ...
15
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2answers
648 views

Is the relative natural abundance of isotopes of an element the same everywhere?

Wherever you find potassium, the isotopes are present in a set percentage that exists the same everywhere in nature, but why is that? Does it have something to do with how the element is produced?
4
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1answer
52 views

Dispersion of Lithium Ions in Nature (Ratio Similar to Isotopes?)

I'm working on a project that identifies average characteristics of different elements. I'm stuck on lithium, I can't find a way to ratio lithium I and lithium II that symbolizes how it is in nature. ...
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1answer
2k views

How come uranium's relative atomic mass is 238.03 when it only contains isotopes with a mass number of 238 or less?

I have always been led to understand that the mass of an element on the periodic table is the weighted average atomic mass over all naturally occurring isotopes. This seems to make sense with all the ...
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2answers
296 views

Radical formation via tritium to helium decay

Following on from this question about tritium water, I was wondering whether the decay of tritium to helium-3 has ever been used in organic synthesis. Such a transition would presumably result in no ...
19
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1answer
971 views

Are there any known chemical properties of tritium water that make it unusually different from protium water?

I suppose the first question supporting the main question is, has tritium water ever been synthesized in sufficient quantity to test chemical properties? If so, and apart from the obvious radioactive ...
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1answer
87 views

What number should go underneath this fictitious element on the periodic table? [closed]

A new element (Wickium) was discovered on Mars. The isotopes of Wickium are Wickium-199, Wickium-200, and Wickium 201. The percent abundance of Wickium's isotopes are as follows: $$\ce{^199Wi} = ...
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2answers
724 views

For a given element do heavier isotopes form stronger bonds than lighter isotopes?

I know that $\ce{C-D}$ and $\ce{C-T}$ bonds are stronger than $\ce{C-H}$ bonds, but is this generally true for isotopes of all elements? (By isotopes I mean stable ones with large half lives.)
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3answers
428 views

Mass Spectrum and Molecular Ion peaks

If a molecule contains four chlorine atoms, how many molecular ion peaks will this compound show in its mass spectrum?
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164 views

Change in natural abundance of radioactive elements?

Given that the half-lives differ between isotopes of a particular radioactive element, wouldn't the natural abundance change (fairly rapidly)? For example, if we isolated a bunch of thorium, wouldn't ...
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1answer
64 views

Placing the atomic mass and number of an element… [closed]

Why are the atomic and the mass numbers of an element flipped in the textbooks relative to the periodic table?
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1answer
2k views

Does hydrogen really have seven isotopes?

I know that there are 3 isotopes of Hydrogen. But according to this website it is showing 7 http://periodictable.com/Properties/A/KnownIsotopes.htmlWebsite
6
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1answer
418 views

On the stability of deuterium

The isotope of hydrogen, tritium, is indeed radioactive resulting in $\ce{^3He}$ through beta decay. But what of the radioactively 'stable' isotope deuterium? Are all deuterium atoms destined to be ...
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2answers
273 views

Would C bond with H or D?

Is a C-D bond better than C-H bond? I mean if carbon has a chance to either for a bond with deuterium or hydrogen what would it choose and why? What if tritium competes too?
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1answer
2k views

Inductive effect of hydrogen isotopes

Why does the electron-donating inductive effect (+I) of the isotopes of hydrogen decrease in the order $\ce{T} > \ce{D} > \ce{H}$? (where T is Tritium and D is Deuterium) Google has nothing to ...
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2answers
620 views

Where does the molar mass difference between Nâ‚‚ and CO come from?

The molar masses of $\ce{N2}$ is 28.0134 g/mol, for $\ce{CO}$ it's 28.0101 g/mol (WolframAlpha computation). Of course, they do have the same mass in atomic units (28). My question is, where does ...
10
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2answers
864 views

Is there a simple way to separate deuterium oxide from tap water?

I understand that tap water contains minute amounts of deuterium oxide (heavy water). Is there a simple way to separate, concentrate the $\ce{D2O}$?
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1answer
159 views

What is the Natural abundance of Potassium

The three naturally occurring isotopes of potassium are $\ce{^39K}$ ($38.963707\:\mathrm{amu}$); $\ce{^40K}$ ($39.963999\:\mathrm{amu}$); and $\ce{^41K}$. The percent natural abundances of ...
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3answers
506 views

Are radioactive isotopes of silver dangerous?

I know we all think of things like uranium as being radioactive in the nasty radiation poisoning sort of way. But do elements like silver have similar effects in their radioactive isotopes? I'm an ...
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2answers
55 views

Can carbon dating tell how long a species would survive?

Carbon ($\ce{^{14}C}$) is used to determine how long a particular species has lived or how old it is. Can we use the same isotope to derive how long a species may survive? (My understanding is still ...
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3answers
681 views

Biological Consequences of Asteroid Mining—Death by Isotope?

It's been documented that NASA hope to capture an asteroid in 2025, and have subsequent aims to mine that asteroid. If if this is successful, we would expect other asteroids to be mined in the future. ...
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1answer
128 views

Questions about combustion and isotopic abundance

the combustion of 0.214g of sulfur provided exactly 0.428g of sulfur dioxide. After a second try, 0.782g of SO2 was obtained. What mass of sulfur was used? The combustion of lithium forms lithium ...
3
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2answers
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The formula for finding the percentage of isotopes in an element's atomic weight?

In my class my teacher showed us how to find it, with a method, but he didn't really state the formula. I conjured up a formula from what I observed and it works. Here it is: $$ \frac{i_1x + ...
3
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1answer
142 views

Protactinium-234 half-life

This is going to seem like a rather daft question, but what is the definitive half-live for protactinium-234 (234Pa)? I'm seeing lots of different answers in various academic papers etc. For ...
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1answer
37 views

Z:#Neutrons Ratio

Is there a fixed ratio that can be used to calculate the number of neutrons in the nucleus of the most stable isotope of an element by knowing the atomic number? Side question: if Z is the symbol for ...
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2answers
688 views

Is real water made up of heavy water and light water?

I need to know, is real water made up of heavy water which is formed with deuterium, and light water which is water by protium? We know that hydrogen has three major isotopes, including protium and ...
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1answer
105 views

Can I perform a stable isotope analysis at home?

I'm interested in measuring the stable isotope ratios of some bird feathers. I'm aware that a mass spectrometer is required to measure stable isotope ratios. Is it possible to measure stable isotope ...
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1answer
36 views

What does $\mathrm{A}_r(\mathrm{H})$ represent when calculating the average natural weight of an elemental atom?

I have a question that explains the weights and abundances of various hydrogen isotopes, and the question concludes by asking to: Calculate the atomic mass of hydrogen $\mathrm{A}_r(\mathrm{H})$ ...
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4answers
1k views

Chemical properties of isotopes

I've always heard that different isotopes of the same element have exactly the same chemical properties. But for example, I've read that some compounds which have hydrogen atoms interchanged by ...
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1answer
673 views

What is deuterium-depleted water actually used for?

I noted, flipping through the paperback Alfa Aesar catalogue today, that they sell deuterium-depleted water. Under the usage category, they list 'NMR'. I'm trying to work out what specific use this ...
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4answers
622 views

Is there a simple field test for heavy water?

Thought experiment Given two glasses of water, how would one detect which glass contains heavy water, and which contains potable water without using complicated laboratory equipment? Something like ...