An atom or molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons, giving it a net positive or negative electrical charge.An ion consisting of a single atom is an atomic or monatomic ion; if it consists of two or more atoms, it is a molecular or polyatomic ion.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
23 views

How thermochromism happen?

I learned that when $PbO$ is hot, it is orange. When $PbO$ is cold, it is yellow. I know this's called thermochromism. But how do that happen? Is it because the ions inside doing something?
1
vote
1answer
27 views

What is the difference between carboxylate ions and groups?

I would like to know the difference between carboxylate ions carboxyl groups? An example is is $\ce{COOH}$ and $\ce{COO}$.
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Why do strong acids dissociate (almost) fully on a molecular level?

In the Brønsted-Lowry theory, strong acids $\ce{HA}$ dissociate using water and react into hydronium ions and the conjugate bases $\ce{A-}$. However I never understood in the strong acids case what ...
5
votes
2answers
73 views

Why the salts in a salt bridge?

Take the example of a copper and zinc galvanic cell, connected by a salt bridge of $\ce{KNO3}$. I understand how the reactions will result in positive and negative charges, and that the ions of the ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

What happens when oxidizing Ni(OH)2 with a strong base?

In an aqueous solution, Nickel oxyhydroxide is oxidised with a 1:1 ratio of aqueous Sodium hydroxide. My goal is to produce Nickel oxyhydroxide ($\ce{NiOOH}$). Strong Base: $\ce{NaOH + H2O ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Why is the sodium +1 ion larger than the neon atom?

Why is the sodium +1 ion larger than the neon atom? The removal of the electron from sodium should cause the ion to be the same size as the neon atom.
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How does a limiting reactant relate to the concentration of ions in solution?

Given the question A sample of 1.50 g of lead(II) nitrate is mixed with 125 mL of 0.100 M sodium sulfate solution. What is the limiting reactant in the reaction? Calculate the concentrations of ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Structures of Thiosulfate, Dithionate & Tetrathionate Ions [closed]

I am trying to find the structures of thiosulfate, Dithionate & Tetrathionate Ions but I am not getting an exact answer. Please help.
3
votes
1answer
24 views

A metal Q forms a carbonate and a nitrate. What is the molecular formula of the nitrate of Q?

Good day. This is my first post in any chemistry site. A metal $\ce{Q}$ forms a carbonate and a nitrate. The molecular formula of the carbonate of $\ce{Q}$ is $\ce{QCO3}$. What is the molecular ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Why has lithium bromide a slight solubility in organic solvents?

Why has lithium bromide a slight solubility in organic solvents? Theoretical, LiBr is an ionic compounds, so it should be only soluble in polar solvent like water. But why is it soluble in others?
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Kinetics of the conversion from metal oxide to metal hydroxide in water

How long can a metal oxide such as magnesium oxide remain in solution before being converted to the metal hydroxide?
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does salt dissolved in water taste like salt? If it's just Na+ and Cl- ions

When NaCl is dissolved into water it breaks down into Na+ and Cl-. It stays in this form until the water evaporates and then the ions go back to normal NaCl. So why does water with salt in it still ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Proton affinities in machine readable format?

Short: How to get proton affinities for a large list of chemicals? A database? A programming API? Longer: I have ca. 2000 chemicals (downloaded from MCM, mostly organics that occur in the atmosphere ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Potassium Atom can act as reducing agent, yet ion cannot?

I am currently looking through a revision sheet, however it has caught me on a question 'Explain why a potassium atom can act as a reducing agent yet a potassium ion cannot'. I have done brief ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Unknown anion (one carbon and two nitrogen atoms, charge 2-)

What's the name of this ion: $\ce{CN_2^{2-}}$? I think that it has this structure: $\ce{{}^{-}N=C=N^{-}}$.
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Net ionic equation with only aqueous ions

When you turn a balanced equation into a net ionic equation, you ignore all the ions that are spectator ions (aqueous on one side as well as the other). You only write the solid and the aqueous ions ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Chemical nomenclature of ions

I'm a very beginner in chemistry. The book I'm studying says that an ion is an atom, or a collection of atoms, that has an electric charge, then it writes about the difference between molecules and ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Why does water break salt really

A kid asked me this question just the other day, and I said that the positive part of $\ce{H2O}$ attracts the negative $\ce{Cl}$ ion and the negative part of the $\ce{H2O}$ attracts the positive Na ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Can citric acid protonation produce benzene and water

Is this reaction possible: $\ce{C6H8O7 + 12 H3O -> C6H6 + 19 H2O}$? Considering that the $\ce{H+}$ can be induced by ionization of the citric acid solution the benzene can be produced in this way?
8
votes
1answer
181 views

Explaining Ionization to kids

I have a quest to explain a physical, chemical theory to kids of age 8-12. The topic is "Ionization". We all understand from early experiments of Physics and Chemistry (the Millikan oil drop ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Is Oxide Anion more stable than O^+

O likes to be negative if charged at all. Most metal oxides are of the form $\ce{A^{x+} O^{2-}_{x/2}}$ (where $x$ is the magnitude of the positive charge and $\ce{A}$ is a metal.) Here, despite the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Balancing ionic equations and determining number of ions

There were two questions that I've listed below that I've had troubles on. I got an answer in both, but both of them weren't correct. For the first question, they list the answer to be D and then ...
0
votes
3answers
55 views

Why cellphone batteries are still bad?

There are constantly new features in cellphones over the years, but it seems like batteries are not getting any better. Why is that?
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Why Aren't Chlorides Of The Noble Gases As Prevalent As Their Fluorides?

I can't find the answer to this question on this SE website, and I apologize for the repetition if it has been answered before. It is my understanding that compound formation has only been observed ...
3
votes
1answer
523 views

Is there an easy way to remember charges on ions?

I have a chemistry test coming up and I might need to know the charge that goes with the different ions like $\ce{SO4}$ has $-2$, $\ce{NO2}$ is $-1$ and $\ce{PO4}$ is $-3$. Is there an easy way to ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

What is the simplest structural unit of an element or compound?

From "Smarter than a 5th Grader": What is the simplest structural unit of an element or compound? molecule, atom, neutron, proton For covalent compounds, the answer would ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What is electrodialysis and is electrolysis prevented or suppressed?

Recently, I was introduced to a method of desalinization called electrodialysis in which a current was applied to salt water in such a way that the positive and negative were separated and drawn ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

why is potassium the most free element in most of plants

Potassium is known to be the most freely available mobile element. I am wondering why that is the case? Is the answer hidden in its atomic structure or its monovalent cationic existance?
5
votes
3answers
534 views

Bonding in the phosphate ion

I'm looking for an explanation of the bonding in the phosphate (PO43−) ion: (Image courtesy of Wikipedia) Phosphorus (15P) - being the fifteenth element - has fifteen electrons, five valence ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

In a redox reaction, why does more than one oxidation state of an element form?

Consider the reaction 100ml 10M $\ce{NaOH_{(aq)}} +$ 100ml 10M $\ce{NaHSO3_{(aq)} +}$ 100mL 0.01M $\ce{KMnO4_{(aq)}}$ In the picture posted here, the left columns give information on the Molarity of ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Why does calcium carbonate decompose into calcium oxide?

Why does calcium carbonate, when heated strongly, decompose into calcium oxide and carbon dioxide? What is the mechanism? Can someone illustrate the means by which this happens? What ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

Which ion of iron to use?

The instructions ask to write a balanced equation for: $\ce{Iron(s) + copper(II) sulfate(aq) -> \;?}$ If I used Iron(II) I get: $\ce{Fe + CuSO4 -> FeSO4 + Cu}$ and if I used Iron(III) ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Behavior of NaCl in water with electrodes

If I had some NaCl dissolved in water, it is conductive, so if I were to put two electrodes in the container (powered), what is causing the flow of electrons? Do the NaCl ionic bonds break and the ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

$\ce{O^{2-}}$ Anion in Redox - Origin?

How come the oxygens transferred in redox reactions are always the $\ce{O^{2-}}$anion? For example, I have this set of rules, and the rules are implicitly referring to the $\ce{O^{2-}}$ anion, a ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How to calculate the number of moles present in a litre of saturated solution?

The solubility product of a salt having same molecular formula as $\ce{Ca_3(PO_4)_2}$ is $1.08\cdot10^{-28}$. Then find the number of moles of ions present in the saturated solution. My approach: I ...
3
votes
2answers
361 views

Why oxygen is enclosed in parenthesis in some chemical reaction?

While going through my chemistry text book I came through the following reaction. $\ce{RCH2OH + (O) -> RCHO + H2O}$ In the above reaction why oxygen atom is enclosed in parenthesis ?
1
vote
2answers
150 views

Identify this ion

These are the results I got for my experiment. I'm having trouble interpreting the results. As you should be well aware of, Lithium and Strontium both burn with crimson red when they are placed in a ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Dissociation of ligand

If a ligand K[Ag(CN)2] is dissociated.. Which one is correct dissociation equation? $$\ce{K[Ag(CN)2] -> K+ + Ag+ + 2CN^-}$$ or $$\ce{K[Ag(CN)2] -> K+ + [Ag(CN)2]^-}$$
-3
votes
3answers
309 views

K2SO4 and KSO4-, why can't it exist? [closed]

Can someone explain to me why $\ce{KSO4^-}$ doesn't exist (in a solution). Why can't it exist? I couldn't find an answer; I assume if you took one $\ce{SO4^{2-}}$ and one $\ce{K^+}$ ion, only that one ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to determine mineral properties based on chemical formula?

I need to learn a bunch of minerals and their properties. What I want is some sort of rule which helps me deduce color, crystal system, luster etc. I know that different kind of ions give specific ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Which salt precipitates from a solution of ammonium oxalate and silver nitrate?

I am supposed to write the precipitation reaction for $\ce{(NH4)2C2O4 + AgNO3 ->[\ce{H2O}]}$ Is my equation correct? I left out the Spector ions. $$\ce{4(NH4) + 2 C2 +O4\rightarrow 4(NH4)2CO3}$$
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Charge of polyatomic ions doesn't equal the charge of ions it consists of?

I'm taking entry level collage chem. class, and we got to this topic that I don't really understand. I think I understood what an ion is (a atom whose amount of electrons is not equal to amount of ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Is there a relation between the ionization energy and the electron affinity?

I am aware of the definition and equation of IE and EA. I was wondering if there is a direct relation between this two quantities with the energy of the neutral specie.
2
votes
1answer
838 views

How to chose wavelength in spectrophotometry? How to use Beer-Lambert Law?

How is the wavelength chosen to measure the concentration of an ion determined? and What does the wavelength correspond to in an atom/ion? When light is shined on a solution what happens to the ions ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Is ion activity in a salt solution pH-dependent?

:) Without being a chemist myself, I need some basic understanding of the ion activities in my buffer solutions. Now I am wondering whether the ion activity of the K$^+$ and Cl$^-$ ions is different ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

NaH2PO4 in water : Acid/base?

Will $\ce{NaH2PO4}$ react as as an acid or a base if you make it react with water? I got stuck here. I can figure out the reaction: $\ce{NaH2PO4 + H2O -> Na^{+} + H2PO4^{-} + H2O}$ But when I ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Make tin nitrate?

How can tin nitrate be synthesized? Mixing nitric acid and tin makes tin oxide (I did this in chemistry class) so how can tin nitrate be created?
6
votes
2answers
72 views

Is it possible to create a salt with multiple anions with only one cation(e.g. CaBrCl)?

I know that usually more electronegative anions would displace less electronegative anions but is there a way to get different anions to "share" a cation?
3
votes
1answer
133 views

existence and stability of Bifluoride ion

Consider the following homework question:- Statement 1. The $\ce{HF2^-}$ ions exist in solid state and also in liquid state but not in aqueous state. Statement 2. The magnitude of ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Solution containing Iodine

The question is:- Iodine dissolves in a variety of solvents forming solutions that are purple, brown or any intermediate shade. This property is due to:- Hydrolysis of iodine ...