The forces, either attractive or repulsive, that exist between molecules due to electric charge.

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What type of intermolecular forces will dominate Diethyl ether?

Is Diethyl ether (also known as ethyl ether) a polar molecule? What type of intermolecular forces dominate it? Dipole-Dipole Interactions, London Dispersion Forces or Hydrogen Bonding? Please Explain. ...
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33 views

Why Tetrachloromethane has a higher boiling point than Trichloromethane?

London Dispersion Forces are present in all either polar or non polar molecules. Molecules also exhibiting Dipole-Dipole Interactions (in addition to the LDP) must have stronger forces of attraction ...
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31 views

Why Isodecane (B.P.: 327 *C) has a higher boiling point than decane (B.P.: 174.1 *C)?

Branched chain molecules have lower boiling point than straight chain molecules because branched chain molecules have a smaller surface area where they can be attracted by other molecules. Then, why ...
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61 views

Why don't molecules of ionic compounds exist?

My book says: "As single ions of a metal are not associated in the solid with single ions of a non metal, separate units of ionic compounds do not exist. It is, therefore, wrong to talk of a ...
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29 views

Determine which molecule has stronger intermolecular force?

SiH4 and CH4 The only intermolecular force they both have is London Dispersion forces Strength of LDF is determined by molar mass molar mass of SiH4 = 32.132 molar mass of CH4 = 48.42 Therefore ...
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49 views

Why Ionic compounds dissolve into water

First, I would like to say that I understand the basic idea of disassociation and solubility. However, as I study intermolecular forces I feel like this basic Idea is being challenged. My ...
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107 views

Why does SiF4 have a higher melting point than SF4?

So looking at the Wikipedia pages of sulfur tetrafluoride and silicon tetrafluoride, the melting points are -121 °C and -90 °C respectively, and so $\ce{SiF4}$ has the higher melting point. However, ...
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van der waals nonspecific interaction definition

Every definition I see of Van der Waals interactions claim that they are short-range, nonspecific interactions between two chemical species. What does "nonspecific" mean in this context?
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Intermolecular forces in secondary amines compared to primary amines

Secondary amines form hydrogen bonds, but having nitrogen in the middle of the chain rather than at the end makes the permanent dipole on the molecule slightly less. The lower boiling point is due ...
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19 views

Hydration of lithium salts

Why are lithium salts heavily hydrated? I am not able to understand this because I feel salts of larger cations like Caesium should be more hydrated because of the larger size, they can able to hold ...
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58 views

Reason for vibration of molecules

Why molecules of a body exhibit vibrational motion ? Is it due to interaction between various molecules of the body or inter atomic interaction of the same molecule? If it is because of any of them ...
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78 views

How does molecular structure affect physical properties?

The question sounds vague and non-specific because my background in chemistry is limited to undergrad college courses. However, I am interested in learning the correlations between the atom-by-atom ...
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201 views

Why fluorine doesn't act as the central atom in inter-halogen compounds?

Why can't fluorine be the central atom in inter-halogen compounds? A $\ce{F-F}$ bond is weaker than a $\ce{F-X}$ bond and thus, fluorine should be happy to form inter-halogen compounds. But, why ...
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Which d-orbitals split according to CFT?

According to CFT, the degenerate d-orbitals split into $eg$ and $t_2 g$ groups. Are these the outermost nd orbitals which are vacant(4-d in case of 4th period) or the penultimate filled (n-1)d ...
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1k views

How to determine whether a compound is gas or liquid or solid?

My book says, methyl chloride, methyl bromide, ethyl chloride and some cholorofluromethanes are gases at room temperature, whereas higher members are liquids or solids. Why? With this question, I ...
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57 views

Coarse-grained force field for ion–water interactions

I want to simulate, at a very coarse grained level, the interaction of water molecules with metal ions, specifically Calcium and Potassium. Is there a standard force field for this. I was told to use ...
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Gold nanoparticles in a water/oil environment

I am currently investigating the assembly of gold nanoparticles in a mixture of water and oil. The thing is the following: If we have gold nanoparticles (35nm diameter) dispersed in water and we put ...
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294 views

Why do molecules having a higher $M_r$ have stronger inter-molecular forces?

Why do molecules like alkanes with higher molecular mass ($M_r$) have stronger inter-molecular forces? For example, methane ($\ce{CH4}$) has a weaker intermolecular force than pentane ($\ce{C5H12}$). ...
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126 views

Why are the vinylic bonds in alkenes slightly polar?

when searching in the internet about why are alkenes more polar than alkanes (but still they are non-polar), they are always saying that the double bond is more polarizable , i understood the whole ...
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91 views

Questions about intramolecular interactions in AMBER forcefield

I am trying to run a molecular dynamics simulation with AMBER forcefield. However, it's the first time I use is, and while I know the form of the various intra- and intermolecular energy terms, some ...
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298 views

Do metallic bonds contain London dispersion forces?

On our chemistry exam, a question asks "Which force is present between Fe particles? a) Van der Waals b) Metallic" At first it seemed obvious that it was metallic; however, upon closer reading, it ...
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Why do single, double and triple bonds repel each other equal amounts?

I'm here to share with you something that totally confuses me, as I can't see the logic behind it, and my teacher doesn't know either. Let's take a set of bonds that's trigonal pyramidal, with a lone ...
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Van der Waals question

Imagine two atoms, and only consider the Van der Waals force. The electron cloud will jitter due to its quantum mechanical nature- some of these jitters forming dipoles, some not. However, on average ...
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How do non-polar substances dissolve in non-polar solvents?

The case of polar solvents is clear to me - we get an attraction between opposite charges. However, how do non-polar substances dissolve in non-polar solvents? How could it be explained on a molecular ...
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190 views

Are buckminsterfullerene-corannulene complexes actually stabilised by π stacking?

According to wikipedia and the references given therein, $\pi\cdots\pi$ stacking interactions are the result of interaction between the quadrupole moments of two aromatic rings, rationalising the ...