Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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why cant organic acids be concentrated and used as a concentrated acids like conc sulphuric acid etc?

Is it possible to make organic acids concentrated like inorganic acids like conc. sulphuric acid etc?
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25 views

Dihedral angle of gaseous and crystalline HOOH

Why does hydrogen peroxide exhibit a dihedral angle of 111.5 degrees in the gaseous state? And a dihedral angle of 90.2 degrees in the crystalline phase? I know that in general, there is likely to ...
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24 views

Extracting silver from Tollens test

When we add tollens reagent (diamminesilver(I) cation, $\ce{[Ag(NH3)2]+}$) to glucose it forms a silvery mirror on the walls of the container. Since the sides are coated with actual Silver, is ...
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15 views

Identifying probable compound using its colour & reactants

This is quote from OxyChem document on Hypochlorites: Steel tanks in caustic soda service become passivated with a gray-black film forming on the metal. Thereafter, caustic soda at less than ...
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1answer
43 views

Explaining Ba(OH)2 as a base?

It is well known fact that Barium Hydroxide is a base. How does the Brønsted-Lowry concept explain $\ce{Ba(OH)2}$ as a base? Is it that $\ce{Ba(OH)2}$ first accepts a proton then leaves behind ...
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20 views

Is there a systematic way to determine the expected cubic structure of metals?

I've noticed that some groups of metals with similar properties tend to belong to the same cubic structure group, such as $\text{FCC, BCC, or HCP}$. What is a good explanation as to why these metals ...
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1answer
50 views

What's the order of oxidising strength of the oxyacids of Chlorine?

What I have been told is that the acidity of the four oxyacids of Chlorine increase in the order $\ce{HOCl} < \ce{HOCl2} < \ce{HOCl3} < \ce{HOCl4}$. I have also been told that the oxidising ...
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2answers
66 views

Using non-food grade NaOH for pH control

I would like to use non-food grade $\ce{NaOH}$ for $\ce{pH}$ water treatment. Any problem with this mixing with water that contains iron? The $\ce{NaOH}$ will be pumped into a well. As a $25\%$ ...
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273 views

Making Zn in school lab

I want to make $\ce{N2O}$ in my school chem lab. I'm thinking of making it from $\ce{Zn_{(s)}}$ in $\ce{HNO3_{(dil)}}$ : $$\ce{ Zn_{(s)} + HNO3_{(dil)} -> N2O + Zn(NO3)2 + H2O }$$ I'm not able ...
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26 views

What does a radical mean here?

I'm really confused as none of the definitions of radical on the internet compare to this. This is from my college textbook of Applied Chemistry- Radicals Every inorganic compound is made up ...
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19 views

Can anyone explain the reaction mechanisms of these synthesis?

Can anyone explain the reaction mechanism of the following synthesis ? 2NH4Cl + Ca(OH)2 --> 2NH3 + 2H2O + CaCl2 (NH4)2SO4 + 2NaOH --> 2NH3 + 2H2O + NaSO4
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34 views

Structure of diamond

"diamond structure. Every carbon atom is bonded to four other carbon atoms forming a three-dimensional lattice of chair conformations." SENTENCE FROM A BOOK What does this mean? Where I am struck ...
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27 views

Why does ozone have an electrostatic potential map similar to that of SO2?

This is the electrostatic potential for ozone. This is the electrostatic potential for sulfur dioxide. They look almost exactly the same except 1 is all oxygen atoms and the other has sulfur in ...
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2answers
90 views

Does O2 have a color in the gas phase

I have noticed that liquid O2(I clarify it as O2 because oxygen exists in several other forms which have different colors in the liquid state than O2) has a light blue color to it. In the solid ...
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2answers
535 views

What are Nitrogen fumes?

What is the actual composition of Liquid Nitrogen fumes? Are the harmful anyways if directly came in contact with?
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22 views

How is ammonia used in production or processing of steel?

There are some large tanks of ammonia in nearby iron works. I wonder, what do they need it for? What is the application of ammonia in steel industry - what processes of making or processing steel ...
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2answers
56 views

Advanced Level Chemistry Book Recommendation

I have a test comming up on Chemistry in Advanced Level and I sincerly ask for a book recommendation for chemistry. I already got the book chemistry by Ramond Chang. And I am pretty near to the exam. ...
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1answer
48 views

Elementar cell of Y2O3

I think this picture from wikipedia is wrong because I count: \begin{align} \left. \begin{array}{ccccr} 1&×&1 &= &\ce{1~Y} \\ 6&×&\frac{1}{8} &= &\ce{\frac{3}{4}O} ...
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Extreme Thermodynamic Stabilities of Metal Aquo/Hydroxide Complexes

From this table of standard oxidation potentials we can see that the hydrated metal hydroxides are much more thermodynamically stable than their elemental counterparts. The numbers on the far right ...
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166 views

How many different possible structures (isomers) are there for the complex, [Mn(OH2)3(NH3)3] 3+?

How many different possible structures (isomers) are there for the complex, $\ce{[Mn(OH2)3(NH3)3]^{3+}}$? I really don't know how to begin with this. I know the answer is 2, but i don't have the ...
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52 views

What is the reason for the different solubility of silver halides in ammonia?

According to my knowledge, I know that $\ce{AgCl}$ dissolves in dilute ammonia, $\ce{AgBr}$ dissolves in concentrated ammonia and $\ce{AgI}$ does not dissolve even with concentrated ammonia. What is ...
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102 views

Byproducts of the neutralisation of hydrochloric acid with sodium hydroxide

Given a 1M concentration of $\ce{HCL}$ and $\ce{NaOH}$ here are the pHs: pH of $\ce{HCL}$: 1 pH of $\ce{NaOH}$: 13-14 and of course water has a pH of 7. Here is a reaction that is most likely to ...
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30 views

Why are oxides always of the form AyOx with A representing any atom except oxygen and fluorine

I notice that for quite a few elements, oxygen comes before it in alphabetical order. Here is one of the rules in inorganic chemistry for molecular formulas: Put all the elements in alphabetical ...
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34 views

Carbon Oxides and stability

If C2O4 is very unstable no matter the configuration(that is the structure based on the bonds) and especially unstable in the form that has an oxyanion and a carbocation than how come other carbon ...
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22 views

Chemistry of Walter Mitty's negative developer/stop bath/fixer?

I asked a question here How can Walter Mitty examine the negatives of photos in the bright sunny day? Commonly known, there are three steps using chemical baths to bring out the images of negatives: ...
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30 views

can sodium persulfate etch or damage a titanium heater?

I use Sodium Persulfate to etch copper on a PCB process. I have been using glass heater on the etching tank but the glass is too fragile; it breaks too easily. I read that titanium heater is used ...
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726 views

Why is O=C=O nonpolar?

I understand that polarity is electronegativity difference and that the more the electronegativity difference, the more polar the bond. However, I have read that O=C=O is nonpolar. This doesn't make ...
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54 views

Electrochemistry question about equilibrium in half cell reaction

Given the following half-reactions: $\ce{Ce^{4+} + e− -> Ce^{3+}}$ E° = 1.72 V $\ce{ Fe^{3+} + e− -> Fe^{2+}}$ E° = 0.771 V A solution is prepared by mixing ...
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36 views

What makes a ligand stronger than another?

A ligand is a neutral molecule or negative ion with at least one lone pair of electrons which forms a dative covalent bond with a complex ion that has a vacant, energetically accessible orbital. It ...
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33 views

Carbonyl/Nitrosonium Complex Stability

Why is the nickel complex exhibiting the strongest pi-bonding? From what I understand, charge density plays a role. Also we need some empty orbitals on the metal cation, since we're looking at ...
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35 views

Explanation for increase in the number of oxidation states for transition elements from Sc to Mn of the 4th period

From Sc, to Mn, the number of oxidation states increases from one (Sc) to seven (Mn). The explanation for this is because the unpaired 3d electrons can be lost along with the 4s electrons during ...
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26 views

Finding the chemical name of SnMg₂O₄

Can somebody help me in identifying the name of $\ce{SnMg_2O_4}$? Other examples are $\ce{ZnAl_2O_4}$ (Zinc Aluminate), $\ce{ZnIn_2S_4}$ (Zinc Thioindate). Please kindly provide the reference if ...
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55 views

The definition of formal Charge

Ok, most people including me know that formal charge is just a book-keeping tool. I know how to calculate it, apply it to Lewis structures etc etc. But I am confused in its very basic definition which ...
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36 views

How many ligands in Heme?

How many ligands does Fe has in heme ? I am not sure how many are in heme and how many in cytochrome C. Its about iron complexes.
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46 views

Are there practical chemical reactions that do mechanical work without heat or electricity?

Every day we use chemical reactions to perform mechanical work by creating either heat (e.g. in a piston engine) or electricity (batteries). I know muscles perform work by taking stored chemical ...
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31 views

Oxidation numbers of phosphorus pentachloride

I read detailed explanations of what oxidation numbers/ states represent and it boils down simply to this: If it's positive, it shows how many electrons the element lost, and in the case of a negative ...
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51 views

Which is more soluble in water and why: K₂HPO₄ or CaHPO₄?

If I dissolve $\ce{K_2HPO_4}$ and $\ce{CaHPO_4}$ in water (two different reactions), the latter shows better solubility. Is it because $\ce{Ca^{2+}}$ has ha higher valence of $2$ than $\ce{K^+}$, ...
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89 views

Why is oxygen absorbed in a colorless alkaline solution of pyrogallol and why does it turn dark brown?

I'm reading about recognition and identification of gases. My book says: Oxygen is absorbed in colorless alkaline solution of pyrogallol and turns dark brown? I'd like to know why and how. ...
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23 views

How is the oxidation number related to the group number?

How is an oxidation number of an element related to its group? I was trying to answer an homework question.The question was: If an element X forms the highest oxide of the formula XO3, then it ...
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89 views

Will heating alumina (Al2O3) to its melting point yield pure Al?

My inorganic chemistry is at a basic level, so my question is, if I heat alumina ($\ce{Al2O3}$), to its melting point around 2000 C, will I wind up with pure Al? I think the oxygen will release from ...
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87 views

Magnesium Sulphate and Calcium Nitrate reaction requires heat

In an effort to create Calcium Sulfate I mixed Magnesium Sulfate and Calcium Nitrate but no precipitate was formed and so I started to boil down the mixture to concentrate the reactants where upon a ...
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3answers
56 views

What does 'organic/non-ogranic molecule' means exactly?

I am new to the organic chemistry world. I was delving for the exact answer to my question, and I've found some results: In wikipedia (french), is was mentioned that an organic molecule contains ...
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48 views

Rust forming and being washed off by the same substance

I have noticed that when exposed to water for a few days the water turned the steel in my wagon into rust. After several more weeks the rust that formed is dissolved and once I pour the water out ...
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2answers
109 views

Difference between backbonding and hyperconjugation and conjugation [closed]

What is the difference between backbonding and hyperconjugation and conjugation? I mean the basic differences as all are concerned with donation of electrons. What is the most striking effect of each ...
2
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1answer
73 views

what makes mercury vapours so harmful

I just read an experiment in which mercury has to be heated and in the same experiment there was a note saying do not inhale mercury vapours as they are very harmful I just can't get the point why ...
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53 views

I need help with this exercise i need to find all chem elements

White solid A water insoluble cleaved hot to solid gas B and C. B is insoluble in water and in $\ce{HCl}$ but soluble to $\ce{HNO3}$ the react gives solution D and E colorless gas which becomes red ...
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46 views

Does washing soda (sodium carbonate) turn into baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) over time?

I have some sodium carbonate. But it's over 20 years old and was not kept in tight bottle. I wonder if this compound absorbs $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{CO2}$ from air. I guess I'd need to burn it a little ...
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33 views

Calculating Electronegativity of Fluorine [closed]

Calculate the electronegativity of Fluorine from the following data. EH-H = 104.2 kcal/mol EF-F = 36.6 kcal/mol EH-F = 134.6 kcal/mol XH = 2.1 How to solve? Any wiki or link to somewhere where ...
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1answer
45 views

Which is more acidic? CO or CO2?

Q1)Which of the given compounds is most acidic? $\ce{CO}$ or $\ce{CO2}$ ? How to solve(explanation)? EDIT: Q2) $\ce{BeO}$ is amphoteric while $\ce{B2O3}$ is acidic - True/False?
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2answers
77 views

Ionization Energies of Sulphur and Oxygen Anions

Which of the following are in the correct order of their Ionization Energies?(Multi-Answer Question) a) $\ce{O > S > S- >O-}$ b) $\ce{F > F- > Cl- > Cl}$ c) $\ce{O > O- ...