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How to speed up flash powder flaming reaction

Do you have an idea how can be flaming of flash powder (probably $\ce{KClO_4} $ (60%) + $\ce{Al}$ (40%) ) can be speeded up? Of course we consider the pure oxygen-in-air conditions. So how? With some ...
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1answer
62 views

Why platinum used as a catalyst in fuel cell electrodes (and elsewhere)?

I have rather basic knowledge of chemistry (at the level of a first year college class). But maybe somebody can still clarify with some simple words: What makes platinum a good catalyst for the ...
3
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1answer
38 views

Ozone catalysis

I know that catalysts don't change chemical equilibrium because they accelerate both the reactions in the same way. I can't understand why CFC catalysts accelerate ozone destruction but not ozone ...
4
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1answer
163 views

Reaction intermediates of MnO2 catalyzed H2O2 decomposition reaction

Manganese dioxide catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen gas. But what are the intermediates in this catalyzed reaction?
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0answers
21 views

Hill constant cooperativity

Is there an expression for calculating $K_d$ for a cooperative system (using the Hill constant)? I can't find one online and there was none given in my lectures, only a rearranged formula for the ...
1
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1answer
31 views

What is 'coprecipitated (Ni,Fe)S'?

I am writing an essay on the origin of life and I was reading an article on hydrothermal vents. (Peptides by Activation of Amino Acids with CO on (Ni,Fe)S Surfaces: Implications for the Origin of ...
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0answers
27 views

Langmuir Adsorption

So I recently ran into the topic of adsorption onto Langmuir surfaces. So let [S] be the concentration of sites without anything bound to them [A*] be the concentration of A and site pairings and [S]0 ...
4
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2answers
112 views

Analytical solution to first-order rate laws

Does anyone know the analytical solutions to the following rate laws: 1) $\frac{d\rho_W}{dt} = -\rho_W*(K_1+K_2+K_3)$ 2) $\frac{d\rho_T}{dt} = \rho_W*K_2 - (K_4+K_5)*\rho_T$ 3) $\frac{d\rho_C}{dt} ...
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0answers
25 views

Reduction by thermionic electrons

Certain reduction reactions require electrons as reducing agents. Is the overlapping of orbitals is necessary for electron transfer? I mean if a element $\ce{X}$ is heated and it gives out thermionic ...
2
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2answers
428 views

How does sulfuric acid catalyze the reaction of potassium chlorate and sucrose?

Part of the total reaction is mentioned here: http://chemistry.about.com/od/demonstrationsexperiments/ht/instantfire.htm $\ce{2KClO3(s)} + \text{heat} \rightarrow 2\ce{KCl(s)} + 3\ce{O2(g)}$ The ...
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1answer
276 views

How does Palladium dissociate H₂ so easily?

If I understand correctly, H2 in the presence of Pd readily dissociates as it dissolves into the metal. With the dissociation energy for the H—H bond being so large, how is this possible? At first I ...
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262 views

What is the chemistry behind this “petrol from air” technology?

A recent news report in the UK claimed a breakthrough in making a petrol equivalent from carbon dioxide and water: A small British company has produced the first "petrol from air" using a ...
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1answer
55 views

How does the work that won the 2012 Sustainable Chemistry Award contribute to sustainable chemistry?

I'm seeking a lay explanation for how the work of Dr Marc Taillefer that won the 2012 European Sustainable Chemistry Award, contributes to sustainable chemistry. From the press release, Dr. Taillefer ...
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1answer
62 views

What Role Does HOOH Have In Copper (II) Acetate Formation?

Mixing solid copper, 5% vinegar, and hydrogen peroxide ($\small\ce{H2O2}$) causes copper acetate to form. The process will occur very slowly without hydrogen peroxide. Adding $\small\ce{H2O2}$ speeds ...
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3answers
201 views

Energy-efficiency aside, what are the chemical constraints on CO2 capture and methanation?

Synthesising $\ce {CH4}$ from air and water (in a non-biological process) has been proposed as one form of energy storage. What are the chemical constraints at play here? That is to say, what sort of ...