# How are turbostratic graphite phases formed?

Turbostratic graphite is graphite in which there is quenched rotational disalignment between adjacent graphene sheets, i.e. one sheet is rotated with respect to its neighbor. I suppose this could be considered a crystallographic defect of sorts. How do these turbostratic layers form, and can they possess long range order, such as glide or helical symmetry (e.g. similar to a twisted nematic phase)?

-
What literature have you used thus far? –  Lo Sauer Nov 7 at 20:04
@LoSauer - I asked this question over a year ago - I have no idea. I do recall that I personally consulted an expert in graphite/metal intercalation and he wasn't sure –  Richard Terrett Nov 8 at 1:33