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How does one synthesise 2-monoglycerides from triglycerides with additional ingredients if necessary?

My first instinct would be to add a catalyst for the reaction of $triglyceride \rightarrow 3 FA + glycerol$ (FA=fatty acid; for instance a catalyst could be sodium hydroxide) and then add additional glycerol so as to cause the reaction: $FA + glycerol \rightarrow 2$-$monoglyceride $ to occur but I just wanted to ask if this is true because to me this seems too simple to be true.

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It is too simple to be true. In such way you will get mixture of 1- and 2-monoglicerides with some products of further reactions. – permeakra Dec 13 '12 at 11:56
up vote 3 down vote accepted

One way I have learnt is by taking a page out of the human body's book and using pancreatic lipase, found in pancreatic juice, to catalyse the reaction:

$triglyceride+ 2H_2 O \rightleftharpoons 2$-$monoglyceride+2 FAA$

Where FAA stands for, 'Fatty acid anion.'

If someone has a better answer I'll readily accept it over this one, this is just one method.

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Just a note--we support LaTeX (with a chemistry extension) over here. See… – ManishEarth Dec 11 '12 at 16:18
Thanks, I was struggling with that! – Brenton Horne Dec 11 '12 at 16:20

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