Take the 2-minute tour ×
Chemistry Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for scientists, academics, teachers and students. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Usually two separate p orbitals would have '4 lobes' while in a sp2 hybrid those 2 p orbitals would only have '3 lobes'. why?

I'm referring to diagrams such as the one shown below:

http://i.stack.imgur.com/Cb74T.gif

share|improve this question
    
could you tell us what you mean by 'sides'? Do you mean lobes? A p orbital has two lobes, so a pair of p orbitals would have four lobes. –  Ben Norris Nov 19 '12 at 11:43
    
I mean lobes, I guess the diagrams I used were misleading and inaccurate. –  user781 Nov 19 '12 at 18:58
add comment

1 Answer 1

By "sides", I assume you mean "lobes". Few things:

First, an $sp^2$ orbital does have two lobes. One is large, and one is tiny. Secondly, $sp^2$ means "a 'mixture' of one $s$ and two $p$ orbitals". Like the following:

enter image description here

So, you plug in three orbitals, and you get out three more orbitals. When drawn in place, you get this:

enter image description here

There are a total of six lobes here, but they are distributed amongst three $sp^2$ orbitals.

The number of lobes need not stay constant--it's the number of orbitals that does, since each orbital corresponds to two electrons, and there's no way for new electrons to be added/removed (yet). What's happening is that the wavefunctions(orbitals) of the electrons are "mixing up" to distribute the electrons in a way that stimulates bonding (one per orbital). The lobes have a significance, but it's much deeper.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.