The title is not a reference to a Jason Derulo song.
In any case:
1) How is change in entropy measured, experimentally? I've Googled this for a bit and I've found all sorts of mathematical equations such as delta S = q/T as a way to get a grasp on entropy. However, I want to know how entropy is actually determined in the lab (as opposed to on paper). I understand that the units on entropy are in terms of energy/temperature. So if I had to guess I would suppose that some sort of calorimetry is used.
2) What is the best way to teach entropy (at an introductory level)? I know that textbooks like to say it's a "measure of disorder." On the other hand I have lots of websites telling me that entropy is best NOT described at a measure of disorder. So what is it really, and what do you think about the term "disorder" as a synonym? My professor refers to it as the degrees of freedom in a system; he also notes that longer carbon chains tend to have higher entropy values due to a greater ability to "wiggle" along their carbon chains. What do you think of this?
Discarding the archaic idea of "disorder" in regard to entropy is essential. It just doesn't make scientific sense in the 21st century and its apparent convenience often is flat-out misleading. As of November 2005, fifteen first-year college texts have deleted “entropy is disorder” although a few still retain references to energy “becoming disorderly”. (This latter description is meaningless